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iv Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Management of Asthma Development of the guidelines was funded by the NHLBI, NIH. Expert Panel members completed financial disclosure forms, and the Expert Panel members disclosed relevant financial interests to each other prior to their discussions. Expert Panel members participated as volunteers and were compensated only(More)
A highly heritable and reproducible measure of asthma severity is baseline pulmonary function. Pulmonary function is largely determined by airway smooth muscle (ASM) tone and contractility. The large conductance, voltage and calcium-activated potassium (BK) channel negatively regulates smooth muscle tone and contraction in ASM. The modulatory subunit of BK(More)
RATIONALE Air pollution is a known asthma trigger and has been associated with short-term asthma symptoms, airway inflammation, decreased lung function, and reduced response to asthma rescue medications. OBJECTIVES To assess a causal relationship between air pollution and childhood asthma using data that address temporality by estimating air pollution(More)
RATIONALE Genes in the interleukin (IL)-4/IL-13/IL-4Ralpha pathway have been shown to be associated with asthma and related phenotypes in some populations, but not in others. Furthermore, interaction between these genes has been shown to affect asthma in white and Chinese populations. OBJECTIVES To determine whether there are IL-4/IL-13 and IL-4Ralpha(More)
BACKGROUND The prostanoid DP receptor (PTGDR) gene on chromosome 14q22.1 has been identified as an asthma susceptibility gene. A haplotype with decreased transcription factor binding and transcription efficiency was associated with decreased asthma susceptibility in African American and white subjects. The significance of PTGDR gene variants in asthma has(More)
Mouse models have shown the importance of acidic mammalian chitinase activity in settings of chitin exposure and allergic inflammation. However, little is known regarding genetic regulation of AMCase enzymatic activity in human allergic diseases. Resequencing the AMCase gene exons we identified 8 non-synonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms including(More)
OBJECTIVE A recent admixture mapping analysis identified interleukin 6 (IL6) and IL6 receptor (IL6R) as candidate genes for inflammatory diseases. In the airways during allergic inflammation, IL6 signaling controls the production of proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory factors. In addition, albuterol, a commonly prescribed asthma therapy, has been shown to(More)
RATIONALE Independent replication of genetic associations in complex diseases, particularly in whole-genome association studies, is critical to confirm the association. OBJECTIVES A whole-genome association study identified ORMDL3 as a promising candidate gene for asthma in white populations. Here, we attempted to confirm the role of ORMDL3 genetic(More)
BACKGROUND High levels of IgE are associated with asthma. Whether higher levels of IgE are associated with more severe asthma is still unclear. OBJECTIVE To determine whether IgE is associated with asthma severity among Latino and African American subjects with asthma. METHODS We assessed lung function and asthma severity among African American,(More)
RATIONALE The burden of asthma is highest among socioeconomically disadvantaged populations; however, its impact is differentially distributed among racial and ethnic groups. OBJECTIVES To assess the collective effect of maternal educational attainment, annual household income, and insurance type on childhood asthma among minority, urban youth. METHODS(More)