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— This paper proposes an automatic fuzzy system design method that uses a Genetic Algorithm and integrates three design stages; our method determines membership functions, the number of fuzzy rules, and the rule-consequent parameters at the same time. Because these design stages may not be independent, it is important to consider them simultaneously to(More)
This paper proposes using fuzzy logic techniques to dynamically control parameter settings of genetic algorithms (GAs). We describe the Dynamic Parametric GA: a GA that uses a fuzzy knowledge-based system to control GA parameters. We then introduce a technique for automatically designing and tuning the fuzzy knowledge-base system using GAs. Results from(More)
Sphingosine-1-phosphate is a bioactive sphingolipid that regulates proliferation, differentiation, migration, and apoptosis. Sphingosine-1-phosphate is irreversibly degraded by the highly conserved enzyme sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase. Recent studies have suggested that sphingosine-1-phosphate lyase expression affects animal development and cell fate(More)
BACKGROUND Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are an abundant form of genetic variation in the genome of every species and are useful for gene mapping and association studies. Of particular interest are non-synonymous SNPs, which may alter protein function and phenotype. We therefore examined bovine expressed sequences for non-synonymous SNPs and(More)
We have developed a commodity based projection system suitable for group viewing of 3D (stereoscopic) images. Using Linux, multiple projectors, a dual headed X server and multiple video cards, we have achieved a relatively high level of success with local data sets. Using passive polarized glasses and a special silver screen, multiple users view a(More)
  • James K Cable, Chris Bauer, +11 authors Devon Bell The
  • 2004
The opinions, findings, and conclusions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and not necessarily those of the Iowa Department of Transportation or of the Iowa Highway Research Board. The mission of the PCC Center is to advance the state of the art of portland cement concrete pavement technology. The center focuses on improving design,(More)