Michael A. Kalchman

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Huntington's disease (HD) is associated with the expansion of a CAG trinucleotide repeat in a novel gene. We have assessed 360 HD individuals from 259 unrelated families and found a highly significant correlation (r = 0.70, p = 10−7) between the age of onset and the repeat length, which accounts for approximately 50% of the variation in the age of onset.(More)
Apoptosis has recently been recognized as a mode of cell death in Huntington disease (HD). Apopain, a human counterpart of the nematode cysteine protease death–gene product, CED–3, has a key role in proteolytic events leading to apoptosis. Here we show that apoptotic extracts and apopain itself specifically cleave the HD gene product, huntingtin. The rate(More)
Huntington disease (HD) is associated with the expansion of a polyglutamine tract, greater than 35 repeats, in the HD gene product, huntingtin. Here we describe a novel huntingtin interacting protein, HIP1, which co-localizes with huntingtin and shares sequence homology and biochemical characteristics with Sla2p, a protein essential for function of the(More)
Huntington disease is an autosomal dominant neurodegenerative disorder caused by the pathological expansion of a polyglutamine tract. In this study we directly assess the influence of protein size on the formation and subcellular localization of huntingtin aggregates. We have created numerous deletion constructs expressing successively smaller fragments of(More)
Recently a novel gene containing a CAG trinucleotide repeat that is expanded on HD chromosomes has been identified(1). This gene was shown to detect a single transcript of 10-11 kb by RNA hybridization. We have however, previously identified three cDNAs which are part of the same gene that have been shown to detect two distinct transcripts of 10 kb and one(More)
Huntingtin is a cytoplasmic protein of unknown function that associates with vesicle membranes and microtubules. Its protein interactions suggest that huntingtin has a role in endocytosis and organelle transport. In this study we sought to identify factors that regulate the transport of huntingtin in striatal neurons, which are the cells most affected in(More)
Using the yeast two-hybrid system, we have identified a human ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (hE2-25K) as a protein that interacts with the gene product for Huntington disease (HD) (Huntingtin). This protein has complete amino acid identity with the bovine E2-25K protein and has striking similarity to the UBC-1, -4 and -5 enzymes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.(More)
We have previously cloned and characterized the murine homologue of the Huntington disease (HD) gene and shown that it maps to mouse chromosome 5 within a region of conserved synteny with human chromosome 4p16.3. Here we present a detailed comparison of the sequence of the putative promoter and the organization of the 5' genomic region of the murine (Hdh)(More)
The mutation underlying Huntington disease (HD) is CAG expansion in the first exon of the HD gene. In order to investigate the role of CAG expansion in the pathogenesis of HD, we have produced transgenic mice containing the full length human HD cDNA with 44 CAG repeats. By 1 year, these mice have no behavioral abnormalities and morphometric analysis at 6(More)
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