Michael A. Jacobs

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In this paper, we extend a previously reported intensity-based nonrigid registration algorithm by using a novel regularization term to constrain the deformation. Global motion is modeled by a rigid transformation while local motion is described by a free-form deformation based on B-splines. An information theoretic measure, normalized mutual information, is(More)
Based on earlier findings that the presence of word comprehension impairment (a deficit in the meaning of words, or lexical semantics) in acute stroke was strongly associated with the presence of hypoperfusion or infarct in Wernicke's area, we tested the hypothesis that the severity of word comprehension impairment was correlated with the magnitude of delay(More)
A traditional method of localizing brain functions has been to identify shared areas of brain damage in individuals who have a particular deficit. The rationale of this 'lesion overlap' approach is straightforward: if the individuals can no longer perform the function, the area of brain damaged in most of these individuals must have been responsible for(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the incremental value of diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) mapping in relation to conventional breast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the characterization of benign versus malignant breast lesions at 3.0 T. MATERIALS AND METHODS This retrospective HIPAA-compliant study was approved by the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE After stroke, brain tissue undergoes time-dependent heterogeneous histopathological change. These tissue alterations have MRI characteristics that allow segmentation of ischemic from nonischemic tissue. Moreover, MRI segmentation generates different zones within the lesion that may reflect heterogeneity of tissue damage. METHODS A(More)
Prostate cancer is the most frequently diagnosed cancer in males and the second leading cause of cancer-related death in men. Assessment of prostate cancer can be divided into detection, localization, and staging; accurate assessment is a prerequisite for optimal clinical management and therapy selection. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has been shown to be(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the diagnostic value of proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) in patients with breast lesions. MATERIALS AND METHODS Eighteen patients underwent breast MRSI and MRI at 1.5 T. Contrast-enhanced MR was used to identify the lesion, after which single-slice MRSI (TR/TE = 2000/272 msec, 10-mm slice thickness) was(More)
PURPOSE To determine the value of multivoxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI) in distinguishing malignant skeletal tumors from benign tumors and normal bone marrow using the metabolite choline (Cho) as a marker for malignancy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Pathologic specimens obtained from 13 patients who had undergone wide resection for(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this article is to evaluate the incremental value of pharmacokinetic analysis of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI compared with conventional breast MRI (morphology plus kinetic curve type analysis) in characterizing breast lesions as malignant or benign. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Patients underwent 3D high-resolution T1-weighted(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) of ischemic brain tissue may occur in stroke patients either spontaneously or after thrombolysis. A method to assess the risk of HT in ischemic tissue after stroke would improve the safety of thrombolytic therapy. As a means of predicting HT, we investigated the role of contrast-enhanced MRI at acute(More)