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Differences in gene expression are likely to explain the phenotypic variation between hormone-responsive and hormone-unresponsive breast cancers. In this study, DNA microarray analysis of approximately 10,000 known genes and 25,000 expressed sequence tag clusters was performed to identify genes induced by estrogen and repressed by the pure antiestrogen ICI(More)
Facilitative glucose transporters exhibit variable hexose affinity and tissue-specific expression. These characteristics contribute to specialized metabolic properties of cells. Here we describe the characterization of a novel glucose transporter-like molecule, GLUT-12. GLUT-12 was identified in MCF-7 breast cancer cells by homology to the(More)
The clinical value of lymph node immunohistochemistry was assessed in 343 consecutive patients with apparently node-negative breast cancer using antimucin monoclonal antibodies BC2, BC3 and 3E1.2. Occult metastases were detected in 41 patients (12 per cent). Although most of these were micrometastatic (< 2 mm in diameter), larger or diffuse deposits were(More)
The haemodynamic effects of intravenous morphine sulphate (0.2 mg/kg body weight) were measured in 10 patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by severe left ventricular failure. Fifteen minutes after morphine injection there was a significant fall in mean heart rate (from 109 to 101 beats/min) and mean systemic arterial pressure (from 80 to 65(More)
LBA9084 The full, final text of this abstract will be available in Part II of the 2009 ASCO Annual Meeting Proceedings, distributed onsite at the Meeting on May 30, 2009, and as a supplement to the June 20, 2009, issue of the Journal of Clinical Oncology. No significant financial relationships to disclose.
OBJECTIVE We sought to establish the clinical relevance of micrometastatic disease detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) in axillary lymph nodes (ALN) of breast cancer patients. BACKGROUND The presence of ALN metastases remains one of the most valuable prognostic indicators in women with breast cancer. However, the clinical(More)
Mammographic density (MD), after adjustment for a women’s age and body mass index, is a strong and independent risk factor for breast cancer (BC). Although the BC risk attributable to increased MD is significant in healthy women, the biological basis of high mammographic density (HMD) causation and how it raises BC risk remain elusive. We assessed the(More)
Caveolin-1 has been linked to tumor progression and clinical outcome in breast cancer, but a clear resolution of its role as a prognostic marker is lacking. We assessed caveolin-1 levels in normal breast tissue and two breast cancer cohorts for which outcome data were available. We found that caveolin-1 was not expressed in normal breast luminal epithelium(More)
BACKGROUND Adjuvant radiotherapy is recommended for patients with melanoma after lymphadenectomy. We previously showed this treatment reduced risk of repeat lymph-node field cancer in patients with a high risk of recurrence but had no effect on overall survival. Here, we aim to update the relapse and survival data from that trial and assess quality of life(More)