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Methods are described for isolation and culture of primary mesenchyme cells from echinoid embryos. Ninety-five percentpure primary mesenchyme cells were isolated from early gastrulae ofStrongylocentrotus purpuratus, exploiting the biological segregation of these cells within the blastocoel. When cultured, more than 90% of the isolated cells reached the(More)
A promising and increasingly exploited property of hematopoietic stem cells is their ability to efflux the fluorescent dye Hoechst 33342. The Hoechst-negative cells are isolated by fluorescence-activated cell sorting as a so-called side "population" (SP) of bone marrow. This SP from bone marrow, as well as other tissues, is reported to contain immature stem(More)
In order to examine the ontogeny of tissue-specific expression of the msp130 gene during early embryogenesis of the sea urchin, we have developed a whole-mount, non-radioactive in situ hybridization protocol suitable for these embryos. This protocol is adapted from the existing technology of immunohistochemical localization of digoxygenin-labelled(More)
The PM27 gene encodes a sea urchin skeletal protein. Both the transcript and encoded protein appear at the mesenchyme blastula stage and are restricted to the primary mesenchyme cell (PMC) lineage throughout development. Transgenic expression of PM27 promoter constructs demonstrates that this cell specificity is regulated at the level of transcription. The(More)
Retroviral integration provides a unique and heritable genomic tag for a target cell and its progeny, enabling studies of clonal composition and repopulation kinetics after gene transfer into hematopoietic stem cells. The clonal tracking method, linear amplification-mediated polymerase chain reaction (LAM-PCR) is widely employed to follow the hematopoietic(More)
Canine embryonic stem (cES) cell lines were generated to establish a large-animal preclinical model for testing the safety and efficacy of embryonic stem (ES) cell-derived tissue replacement therapy. Putative cES cell lines were initiated from canine blastocysts harvested from natural matings. Times of harvest were estimated as 12-16 days after the presumed(More)
The sea urchin larval skeleton is produced by the primary mesenchyme (PM), a group of 32 cells descended from the four micromeres of the 16-cell embryo. The development of this lineage proceeds normally in isolated cultures of micromeres. A complementary DNA (cDNA) library was generated from cytoplasmic polyadenylated RNA isolated from differentiated(More)
The Swarm rat chondrosarcoma cell line, RCS-LTC, deposits an extracellular matrix that contains the typical type II, IX, and XI collagen phenotype of hyaline cartilage, but the fibrils appear abnormally thin. By N-terminal sequence analysis, the type II collagen from the matrix was shown to have retained its N-propeptides with no evidence of normal(More)