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Retinal ganglion cell axons exit the eye, enter the optic stalk, cross the ventral midline at the optic chiasm, and terminate in the optic tectum of the zebrafish. While in the optic stalk, they grow immediately adjacent to cells expressing the powerful retinal axon repellent slit2. The chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF1) is expressed within the(More)
We examined effects of Na oleate on glucose uptake, glucose transporter protein concentrations, and glucose oxidation in isolated adipocytes from fed rats. Na oleate increased basel 14C-glucose uptake in a dose-dependent manner (+42% with 1.0 mM, +79% with 2.8 mM Na oleate), but had no statistically significant effect on insulin-stimulated glucose uptake.(More)
Retinoic acid (RA) plays an important role during normal embryogenesis, however high doses of RA are teratogenic. Retinoic acid receptor-beta 2 (RAR-beta 2) mRNA and protein levels were previously demonstrated to undergo rapid elevation in susceptible tissues after treatment with teratogenic doses of RA. In this report we compared the effects of a number of(More)
We have previously shown that oral treatment of pregnant mice with all-trans retinoic acid (RA) at doses which cause 100% fetal dysmorphogenesis results in a rapid elevation in the mRNA of one specific isoform of the RA receptor-beta, RAR-beta 2, in susceptible embryonic regions. To further investigate the involvement of RAR-beta 2 mRNA in teratogenesis, we(More)
The transcription factors of the Sox family play important roles in diverse developmental processes. A number of genetic studies have established that Sox10 is a major regulator of neural crest formation. Here, we report the cloning and functional analysis of the Xenopus Sox10 gene. Sox10 mRNA accumulates during gastrulation at the lateral edges of the(More)
We provide the first evidence that the bone marrow-derived cytokine, macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF), inhibits the formation of bone-forming osteoblasts. We examined both osteoclast and osteoblast formation in primary rat bone marrow cultures. As expected, M-CSF together with osteoprotegerin ligand (OPGL) markedly accelerated(More)
Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a natural polyphenolic compound that exists in Polygonum cuspidatum, grapes, peanuts and berries, as well as their manufactured products, especially red wine. Resveratrol is a pharmacologically active compound that interacts with multiple targets in a variety of cardiovascular disease models to exert(More)
Cathepsin K plays a key role in bone resorption. We provide the first evidence that osteoprotegerin ligand (OPGL), a critical pro-resorptive cytokine, acutely stimulates the expression of cathepsin K in osteoclasts. We used in situ RT-PCR and real time quantitative RT-PCR to analyze cathepsin K gene expression. OPGL enhanced cathepsin K mRNA levels in(More)
Mutations in the retinoblastoma tumor suppressor gene (rb1) cause both sporadic and familial forms of childhood retinoblastoma. Despite its clinical relevance, the roles of rb1 during normal retinotectal development and function are not well understood. We have identified mutations in the zebrafish space cadet locus that lead to a premature truncation of(More)