Michael A. Gray

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Anthropogenic habitat disturbance is a major threat to tropical forests and understanding the ecological consequences of this disturbance is crucial for the conservation of biodiversity. There have been many attempts to determine the ecological traits associated with bird species' vulnerability to disturbance, but no attempt has been made to synthesize(More)
1. The nature of Cl- conductance(s) participating in transepithelial anion secretion by renal inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD, mIMCD-K2 cell line) was investigated. 2. Extracellular ATP (100 microM) stimulated a transient increase in both whole-cell Cl- conductance and intracellular free Ca2+. In contrast, ionomycin (10-100 nM) caused a sustained(More)
In most HCO(3)(-)-secreting epithelial tissues, SLC26 Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) transporters work in concert with the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) to regulate the magnitude and composition of the secreted fluid, a process that is vital for normal tissue function. By contrast, CFTR is regarded as the only exit pathway for HCO(3)(-) in the(More)
Field collections of environmental samples, for example corals, for molecular microbial analyses present distinct challenges. The lack of laboratory facilities in remote locations is common, and preservation of microbial community DNA for later study is critical. A particular challenge is keeping samples frozen in transit. Five nucleic acid preservation(More)
Using the patch-clamp technique we have identified a Ca2+-sensitive, voltage-dependent, maxi-K+ channel on the basolateral surface of rat pancreatic duct cells. The channel had a conductance of ∼200 pS in excised patches bathed in symmetrical 150mm K+, and was blocked by 1mm Ba2+. Channel openstate probability (P o ) on unstimulated cells was very low, but(More)
Gorgonians make up the majority of corals in the Aleutian archipelago and provide critical fish habitat in areas of economically important fisheries. The microbial ecology of the deep-sea gorgonian corals Paragorgea arborea, Plumarella superba, and Cryogorgia koolsae was examined with culture-based and 16S rRNA gene-based techniques. Six coral colonies (two(More)
Swelling-activated Cl− currents (I Cl,swell ) have been characterized in a mouse renal inner medullary collecting duct cell line (mIMCD-K2). Currents activated by exposing the cells to hypotonicity exhibited characteristic outward rectification and time- and voltage-dependent inactivation at positive potentials and showed an anion selectivity of I− > Br− >(More)
Carbon dioxide is fundamental to the physiology of all organisms. There is considerable interest in the precise molecular mechanisms that organisms use to directly sense CO(2). Here we demonstrate that a mammalian recombinant G-protein-activated adenylyl cyclase and the related Rv1625c adenylyl cyclase of Mycobacterium tuberculosis are specifically(More)
We have used perforated patch clamp and Fura-2 microfluorescence measurements to study Ca2+-activated Cl− currents in cultured mouse renal inner medullary collecting duct cells (mIMCD-3). The conductance was spontaneously active under resting conditions and whole cell currents were time and voltage-independent with an outwardly rectifying current-voltage(More)