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The Comprehensive Assessment of Symptoms and History was developed for research studies of schizophrenia spectrum conditions and affective spectrum conditions. It is designed to provide a comprehensive information base concerning current and past signs and symptoms, premorbid functioning, cognitive functioning, sociodemographic status, treatment, and course(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was designed to evaluate the relation between intelligence and a variety of measures of brain structure. METHOD Magnetic resonance imaging scans were used to measure the volume of the intracranial cavity, cerebral hemispheres, lateral ventricles, temporal lobes, hippocampus, caudate, and cerebellum, as well as the overall volume of(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies have shown that structural brain abnormalities in schizophrenia are already present by the time of index evaluation of first-episode patients. However, whether these abnormalities progressively worsen during the subsequent course of the disorder remains unresolved. METHODS To study the longitudinal progression of structural brain(More)
The "hypofrontality hypothesis" has been supported by many neuroimaging studies, but not all, perhaps because of heterogeneity of samples. The present study examined three different samples that permitted assessment of a variety of confounders, such as effects of long-term treatment, chronicity of illness, and presenting phenomenology: (1) 13(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was used to evaluate sex differences in brain morphology by comparing measures of brain tissue volume, brain tissue composition (proportions of gray and white matter), and measures of cortical surface anatomy. A large and well-matched sample of healthy women (n=42) and healthy men (n=42) were evaluated. There was a(More)
OBJECTIVE Structural neuroimaging and neuropathological studies have demonstrated a variety of aspects of brain morphology that appear to distinguish schizophrenic patients from comparison subjects (diagnostic effects), a predominance of left-sided pathology (laterality effects), and a greater likelihood of brain abnormality among males (gender effects).(More)
BACKGROUND The literature on insight, or self-awareness, in schizophrenia suggests that this cognitive dimension may be of nosological value. Poor insight has descriptive validity at the phenomenological and neuropsychological levels of schizophrenia and has prognostic validity in terms of the prediction of the course of illness. The lack of empirical data(More)
Schizophrenia is a complex illness characterized by multiple types of symptoms involving many aspects of cognition and emotion. Most efforts to identify its underlying neural substrates have focused on a strategy that relates a single symptom to a single brain region. An alternative hypothesis, that the variety of symptoms could be explained by a lesion in(More)
BACKGROUND The "group of schizophrenias," normally referred to with a single nominative, is phenomenologically heterogeneous. Its symptoms represent multiple psychological domains, including perception, inferential thinking, language, attention, social interaction, emotion expression, and volition. Studies of psychopathology have simplified this complex(More)
Knowledge of the relationship between specific cognitive abnormalities and the clinical symptoms of schizophrenia could give insight into the nature of their underlying pathophysiology. Composite scores were generated for negative, disorganized, and psychotic symptom ratings in 134 patients with schizophrenia (DSM-IV criteria). Partial correlations (each(More)