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Cell polarization is essential in a wide range of biological processes such as morphogenesis, asymmetric division, and directed migration. In this study, we show that two tumor suppressor proteins, adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) and Dlg1-SAP97, are required for the polarization of migrating astrocytes. Activation of the Par6-PKCzeta complex by Cdc42 at(More)
The Rab GTPase family regulates membrane domain organization and vesicular transport pathways. Recent studies indicate that one member of the family, Rab27a, regulates transport of lysosome-related organelles in specialized cells, such as melanosomes and lytic granules. Very little is known about the related isoform, Rab27b. Here we used genetically(More)
The synthesis is described of a spin-labeled analog of ATP, 2',3'-O-(1-oxy-2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidylidene)adenosine 5'-triphosphate (SL-ATP). The spin-label moiety is attached by two bonds to the ribose ring as a spiroketal and hence has restricted conformational mobility relative to the ribose moiety of ATP. The synthesis proceeds via an(More)
Organelle motility is an essential cellular function that is regulated by molecular motors, and their adaptors and activators. Here we established a new method that allows more direct investigation of the function of these peripheral membrane proteins in organelle motility than is possible by analysis of the organelle movement alone. This method uses(More)
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