Michael A. Diefenbach

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BACKGROUND Emotional awareness and self-regulation are important skills for improving mental health and reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease. Cognitive behavioral therapy can teach these skills but is not widely available. OBJECTIVE This exploratory study examined the potential of mobile phone technologies to broaden access to cognitive behavioral(More)
Patients from traditionally underrepresented communities need to be involved in discussions around genomics research including attitudes towards participation and receiving personal results. Structured interviews, including open-ended and closed-ended questions, were conducted with 205 patients in an inner-city hospital outpatient clinic: 48 % of(More)
The ability of negative affect (NA) to predict somatic complaints 6 months later was examined. State NA, including anxious affect (AA) and depressive affect (DA), was measured in 2 separate samples of older adults averaging 62 and 73 years of age. In the first study, DA reliably predicted later complaints, and a corresponding trend was noted for NA. The(More)
BACKGROUND The delivery of optimal care depends on accurate communication between patients and clinicians regarding untoward symptoms. Documentation of patients' symptoms necessitates reliance on memory, which is often imprecise. We developed an electronic diary (eDiary) for adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer to record symptoms. OBJECTIVE The(More)
Age differences in affective/experiential and deliberative processes have important theoretical implications for cancer decision making, as cancer is often a disease of older adulthood. The authors examined evidence for adult age differences in affective and deliberative information processes, reviewed the sparse evidence about age differences in decision(More)
Bladder cancer is the fifth most commonly diagnosed cancer and the most expensive adult cancer in average healthcare costs incurred per patient in the USA. However, little is known about factors influencing patients' treatment decisions, quality of life, and responses to treatment impairments. The main focus of this paper is to better understand the impact(More)
OBJECTIVES We report on the development and psychometric properties of a scale to measure perceived sensitivity to medicines (PSM). Design.  The internal consistency, test-retest reliability, criterion-related, and predictive validity of the PSM Scale were evaluated using data collected as part of four previously published studies and one unpublished data(More)
BACKGROUND A cancer diagnosis is highly distressing. Yet, to make informed treatment choices patients have to learn complicated disease and treatment information that is often fraught with medical and statistical terminology. Thus, patients need accurate and easy-to-understand information. OBJECTIVE To introduce the development and preliminary evaluation(More)
BACKGROUND Prostate cancer is the most common cancer affecting men in the United States. Management options for localized disease exist, yet an evidence-based criterion standard for treatment still has to emerge. Although 5-year survival rates approach 98%, all treatment options carry the possibility for significant side effects, such as erectile(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the experiences of patients with prostate cancer with risk information and their perceptions of the value of personalised risk information in treatment decisions. DESIGN A qualitative study was conducted using focus groups. Semistructured interviews explored participants' experiences with using risk information, and their perceptions(More)