Michael A. Charleston

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In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: Nutrient acquisition is a major context for ecological interactions among species but(More)
The geographical origin of Plasmodium vivax, the most widespread human malaria parasite, is controversial. Although genetic closeness to Asian primate malarias has been confirmed by phylogenetic analyses, genetic similarities between P. vivax and Plasmodium simium, a New World primate malaria, suggest that humans may have acquired P. vivax from New World(More)
Hantaviruses are considered one of the best examples of a long-term association between RNA viruses and their hosts. Based on the appearance of strong host specificity, it has been suggested that hantaviruses cospeciated with the rodents and insectivores they infect since these mammals last shared a common ancestor, approximately 100 million years ago. We(More)
The cophylogeny reconstruction problem is that of finding minimal cost explanations of differences between evolutionary histories of ecologically linked groups of biological organisms. We present a proof that shows that the general problem of reconciling evolutionary histories is NP-complete and provide a sharp boundary where this intractability begins. We(More)
MOTIVATION Current microarray analyses focus on identifying sets of genes that are differentially expressed (DE) or differentially coexpressed (DC) in different biological states (e.g. diseased versus non-diseased). We observed that in many human diseases, some genes have a significant increase or decrease in expression variability (variance). As these(More)
The extent to which viruses and their hosts codiverge remains an open question, given that numerous cases of both "cospeciation" and horizontal switching have recently been documented. DNA viruses that form persistent infections are thought to be the most likely candidates for phylogenetic congruence. Phylogenetic reconciliation analysis was used to compare(More)
Cophylogenetic analysis supposes that two or more phylogenetic trees for linked groups have been constructed, and explores the relationships the trees have with each other. These types of analyses are most commonly used to assess relationships between hosts and their parasites, however the methodology can also be applied to diverse types of problems such as(More)
This article introduces a coherent language base for describing and working with characteristics of combinatorial optimization problems, which is at once general enough to be used in all such problems and precise enough to allow subtle concepts in this field to be discussed unambiguously. An example is provided of how this nomenclature is applied to an(More)
Porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2) is the primary etiological agent of postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), one of the most economically important emerging swine diseases worldwide. Virulent PCV2 was first identified following nearly simultaneous outbreaks of PMWS in North America and Europe in the 1990s and has since achieved global distribution.(More)