Michael A. Chappell

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Typically in neuroimaging we are looking to extract some pertinent information from imperfect, noisy images of the brain. This might be the inference of percent changes in blood flow in perfusion FMRI data, segmentation of subcortical structures from structural MRI, or inference of the probability of an anatomical connection between an area of cortex and a(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging typically measures signal increases arising from changes in the transverse relaxation rate over small regions of the brain and associates these with local changes in cerebral blood flow, blood volume and oxygen metabolism. Recent developments in pulse sequences and image analysis methods have improved the specificity of(More)
Variational Bayes (VB) has been proposed as a method to facilitate calculations of the posterior distributions for linear models, by providing a fast method for Bayesian inference by estimating the parameters of a factorized approximation to the posterior distribution. Here a VB method for nonlinear forward models with Gaussian additive noise is presented.(More)
The purpose of this study was to establish a normal range for the arterial arrival time (AAT) in whole-brain pulsed arterial spin labeling (PASL) cerebral perfusion MRI. Healthy volunteers (N = 36, range: 20 to 35 years) provided informed consent to participate in this study. AAT was assessed in multiple brain regions, using three-dimensional gradient and(More)
When modelling FMRI and other MRI time-series data, a Bayesian approach based on adaptive spatial smoothness priors is a compelling alternative to using a standard generalized linear model (GLM) on presmoothed data. Another benefit of the Bayesian approach is that biophysical prior information can be incorporated in a principled manner; however, this(More)
Arterial spin labeling (ASL) provides a noninvasive method to measure brain perfusion and is becoming an increasingly viable alternative to more invasive MR methods due to improvements in acquisition, such as the use of a three-dimensional GRASE readout. A potential source of error in ASL measurements is signal arising from intravascular blood that is(More)
A new noninvasive MRI method for vessel-selective angiography is presented. The technique combines vessel-encoded pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling with a two-dimensional dynamic angiographic readout and was used to image the cerebral arteries in healthy volunteers. Time-of-flight angiograms were also acquired prior to vessel-selective dynamic(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate how cerebral blood flow and bolus arrival time (BAT) measures derived from arterial spin labeling (ASL) MRI data change for different hypercarbic gas stimuli. Pseudocontinuous ASL (pCASL) was applied (3.0T; spatial resolution=4 × 4 × 7 mm(3); repetition time/echo time (TR/TE)=3,600/11 ms) sequentially in healthy(More)
The original concept of the ischaemic penumbra suggested imaging of regional cerebral blood flow and metabolism would be required to identify tissue that may benefit from intervention. Amide proton transfer magnetic resonance imaging, a chemical exchange saturation transfer technique, has been used to derive cerebral intracellular pH in preclinical stroke(More)
The accuracy of cerebral blood flow (CBF) estimates from arterial spin labeling (ASL) is affected by the presence of both gray matter (GM) and white matter within any voxel. Recently a partial volume (PV) correction method for ASL has been demonstrated (Asllani et al. Magn Reson Med 2008; 60:1362-1371), where PV estimates were used with a local linear(More)