Michael A. Cater

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Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is complicated by pro-oxidant intraneuronal Fe(2+) elevation as well as extracellular Zn(2+) accumulation within amyloid plaque. We found that the AD β-amyloid protein precursor (APP) possesses ferroxidase activity mediated by a conserved H-ferritin-like active site, which is inhibited specifically by Zn(2+). Like ceruloplasmin, APP(More)
Radiolabeled diacetylbis(4-methylthiosemicarbazonato)copper(II) [Cu(II)(atsm)] is an effective positron-emission tomography imaging agent for myocardial ischemia, hypoxic tumors, and brain disorders with regionalized oxidative stress, such as mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, and lactic acidosis with stroke-like episodes (MELAS) and Parkinson's(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The Wilson protein (ATP7B) regulates levels of systemic copper by excreting excess copper into bile. It is not clear whether ATP7B translocates excess intrahepatic copper directly across the canalicular membrane or sequesters this copper into exocytic vesicles, which subsequently fuse with canalicular membrane to expel their contents into(More)
The Menkes protein (MNK; ATP7A) is a copper-transporting P-type ATPase that is defective in the copper deficiency disorder, Menkes disease. MNK is localized in the trans-Golgi network and transports copper to enzymes synthesized within secretory compartments. However, in cells exposed to excessive copper, MNK traffics to the plasma membrane where it(More)
ATP7A and ATP7B are copper-transporting P(1B)-type ATPases (Cu-ATPases) that are critical for regulating intracellular copper homeostasis. Mutations in the genes encoding ATP7A and ATP7B lead to copper deficiency and copper toxicity disorders, Menkes and Wilson diseases, respectively. Clusterin and COMMD1 were previously identified as interacting partners(More)
The P-type ATPase affected in Wilson disease, ATP7B, is a key liver protein required to regulate and maintain copper homeostasis. When hepatocytes are exposed to elevated copper levels, ATP7B traffics from the trans-Golgi network toward the biliary canalicular membrane to excrete excess copper into bile. The N-terminal region of ATP7B contains six(More)
Copper is an essential micronutrient involved in fundamental life processes that are conserved throughout all forms of life. The ability of copper to catalyze oxidation-reduction (redox) reactions, which can inadvertently lead to the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), necessitates the tight homeostatic regulation of copper within the body. Many(More)
The therapeutic efficacy of two bis(thiosemicarbazonato) copper complexes, glyoxalbis[N4-methylthiosemicarbazonato]Cu(II) [Cu(II)(gtsm)] and diacetylbis[N4-methylthiosemicarbazonato]Cu(II) [Cu(II)(atsm)], for the treatment of prostate cancer was assessed in cell culture and animal models. Distinctively, copper dissociates intracellularly from Cu(II)(gtsm)(More)
The Wilson protein (ATP7B) is a copper-translocating P-type ATPase that mediates the excretion of excess copper from hepatocytes into bile. Excess copper causes the protein to traffic from the TGN (trans-Golgi network) to subapical vesicles. Using site-directed mutagenesis, mutations known or predicted to abrogate catalytic activity (copper translocation)(More)
BACKGROUND Therapeutics that target copper for the treatment of prostate cancer are being evaluated in human clinical trials. Elevated intracellular copper is considered to sensitize prostate cancer cells to certain copper-coordination compounds, especially those with ionophoric properties. While there is compelling in vitro evidence that prostate cancer(More)