Michael A. Beaven

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Resveratrol, a polyphenol in red wine, has been reported as a calorie restriction mimetic with potential antiaging and antidiabetogenic properties. It is widely consumed as a nutritional supplement, but its mechanism of action remains a mystery. Here, we report that the metabolic effects of resveratrol result from competitive inhibition of cAMP-degrading(More)
Two novel stem cell factor (SCF) dependent human mast cell lines, designated LAD 1 and 2, were established from bone marrow aspirates from a patient with mast cell sarcoma/leukemia. LAD 1 and 2 cells have the ultrastructural features of human mast cells, and express FcepsilonRI, CD4, 9, 13, 14, 22, 31, 32, 45, 64, 71, 103, 117, 132, CXCR4 (CD184), CCR5(More)
Mast cells release the mediators of the immediate hypersensitivity reaction. Adenosine is known to modulate this process, but the receptor responsible for this is not the classical A1 or A2 adenosine receptors. This study was undertaken to determine whether the unique adenosine receptor (AR) previously postulated in a cultured mast cell line (RBL-2H3 cells)(More)
Mast cells play a pivotal role in inflammatory and immediate-type allergic reactions by secreting a variety of potent inflammatory mediators, including sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P). However, it is not known how S1P is released from cells. Here, we report that S1P is exported from mast cells independently of their degranulation and demonstrate that it is(More)
Rat basophilic RBL-2H3 cells, which exhibit Ca(2+)-dependent secretion of granules when stimulated with antigen, contained the Ca(2+)-dependent alpha and beta and the Ca(2+)-independent delta, epsilon, and zeta isoforms of protein kinase C. These isoforms associated, to variable extents (i.e. delta the most and zeta the least), with the membrane fraction(More)
Mast cells are multifunctional cells that initiate not only IgE-dependent allergic diseases but also play a fundamental role in innate and adaptive immune responses to microbial infection. They are also thought to play a role in angiogenesis, tissue remodeling, wound healing, and tumor repression or growth. The broad scope of these physiologic and(More)
A study of the anti-inflammatory reaction after the injection of dextrans (60 mg) of various molecular weights (10,000-2,000,000) or carrageenan (0.5 mg) into the rat pleural cavity revealed two types of response. The dextrans induced within 30 min partial degranulation of mast cells and a rapid accumulation of fluid with little protein and a few(More)
Mast cells mediate both IgE-dependent allergic reactions and protective responses against acute infections, possibly through the activation of Toll-like receptors (TLRs). We find that antigen interacts synergistically with TLR2 and TLR4 ligands to markedly enhance production of cytokines in murine mast cell lines. However, the TLR ligands neither stimulated(More)
The rat mast cell line RBL-2H3 contains both phospholipase D (PLD)1 and PLD2. Previous studies with this cell line indicated that expressed PLD1 and PLD2 are both strongly activated by stimulants of secretion. We now show by use of PLDs tagged with enhanced green fluorescent protein that PLD1, which is largely associated with secretory granules,(More)