Michael A. Arbib

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In monkeys, the rostral part of ventral premotor cortex (area F5) contains neurons that discharge, both when the monkey grasps or manipulates objects and when it observes the experimenter making similar actions. These neurons (mirror neurons) appear to represent a system that matches observed events to similar, internally generated actions, and in this way(More)
The article analyzes the neural and functional grounding of language skills as well as their emergence in hominid evolution, hypothesizing stages leading from abilities known to exist in monkeys and apes and presumed to exist in our hominid ancestors right through to modern spoken and signed languages. The starting point is the observation that both(More)
ing an object’s form from its precise location, size, or ori-<lb>entation is clearly important for tasks such as recognition and cat-<lb>egorization. However, there are plenty of situations in which an<lb>object’s location and orientation are important, not least when we<lb>want to interact with that object by picking it up or manipulating<lb>it. The(More)
Positron emission tomography imaging of cerebral blood flow was used to localize brain areas involved in the representation of hand grasping movements. Seven normal subjects were scanned under three conditions. In the first, they observed precision grasping of common objects performed by the examiner. In the second, they imagined themselves grasping the(More)
Grasping requires coding of the object's intrinsic properties (size and shape), and the transformation of these properties into a pattern of distal (finger and wrist) movements. Computational models address this behavior through the interaction of perceptual and motor schemas. In monkeys, the transformation of an object's intrinsic properties into specific(More)
Visual information is processed in posterior parietal cortex for the hypothesized purpose of extracting a variety of affordances for the generation of motor behavior. The term affordance is used to mean that visual cues are mapped directly to parameters that are relevant for motor interaction. In this paper, we present the FARS model of the cortical(More)
 Mirror neurons within a monkey's premotor area F5 fire not only when the monkey performs a certain class of actions but also when the monkey observes another monkey (or the experimenter) perform a similar action. It has thus been argued that these neurons are crucial for understanding of actions by others. We offer the hand-state hypothesis as a new(More)
Positron emission tomography was used to investigate whether observation of real objects (tools of common use) activates premotor areas in the absence of any overt motor demand. Silent naming of the presented tools and silent naming of their use were also studied. Right-handed normal subjects were employed. Tool observation strongly activated the left(More)
Introduction Eye movement is one of the few externally measurable activities of visual perception. There have been a number of studies of eye movements in the last 150 years; Yarbus (1967) lists about a 100 relevant references. There is a trend toward using saccadic eye movements (the rapid, co-ordinated rotation of the eyes from or/e "point" of fixation to(More)
We present models that learn context-dependent oculomotor behavior in (1) conditional visual discrimination and (2) sequence reproduction tasks, based on the following three principles: (1) Visual input and efferent copies of motor output produce patterns of activity in cortex. (2) Cortex influences the saccade system in part via corticostriatal(More)