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OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to invasively investigate the hemodynamic response to exercise in patients with heart failure with normal ejection fraction (HFNEF) and to evaluate the ability of the peak early diastolic transmitral velocity to peak early diastolic annular velocity ratio (E/e') to reflect exercise hemodynamics. BACKGROUND There is(More)
Myocardial dysfunction, which is characterized by transient biventricular impairment of intrinsic myocardial contractility, is a common complication in patients with sepsis. Left ventricular systolic dysfunction is reflected by a reduced left ventricular stroke work index or, less accurately, by an impaired left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Early(More)
Contrast nephropathy (CN) accounts for significant morbidity and mortality. Patients with pre-existing renal insufficiency, especially those with diabetic nephropathy, are at particular risk. Medullary hypoxia due to decreased renal blood flow and direct cytotoxicity contribute to the pathogenesis. Contrast nephropathy is usually defined as an increase in(More)
Twenty-one adult patients were randomised to receive ghrelin on days 1 and 8 and placebo on days 4 and 11 or vice versa, given intravenously over a 60-min period before lunch: 10 received 2 microg kg(-1) (lower-dose) ghrelin; 11 received 8 microg kg(-1) (upper-dose) ghrelin. Active and total ghrelin, growth hormone (GH), and insulin-like growth factor 1(More)
Heart rate recovery 1 min after exercise termination (HRR-1) is a prognostic predictor. However, the influence of the exercise mode on HRR-1 is incompletely characterised. Twenty-nine young and healthy subjects and 16 elderly patients with chronic heart failure underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing using cycle ergometer and treadmill ramp protocols in(More)
BACKGROUND Studies in explanted hearts from patients supported with a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) suggest that no or a less pronounced reverse remodeling process occurs in the right ventricle (RV) during LVAD support. The intermediate-term functional changes in RV function in patients with refractory heart failure (HF) supported with a continuous(More)
AIMS Up to 50% of patients with heart failure (HF) may suffer from severe cognitive impairment (SCI), but longitudinal studies are sparse, and effects of changes in HF severity on cognitive function are unknown. Therefore, we assessed the prevalence of SCI in HF patients, its relationship with HF severity, its effects on morbidity and mortality, and the(More)
BACKGROUND Drug trials often exclude subjects with relevant comorbidity or comedication. Nevertheless, after approval, these drugs will be prescribed to a much broader collective. Our goal was to quantify the impact of drugs and comorbidity on serum potassium in unselected patients admitted to the hospital. METHODS This was a retrospective(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to determine the potential pathophysiological link between anemia and disease severity, and adverse outcome in heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND Anemia frequently accompanies advanced HF; however, the pathophysiological mechanism responsible for the association between anemia and more severe HF remains uncertain. We hypothesized(More)