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Small grid-connected photovoltaic systems up to 5 kW p are often not monitored because advanced surveillance systems are not economical. Hence, some system failures which lead to partial energy losses stay unnoticed for a long time. Even a failure that results in a larger energy deficit can be difficult to detect by PV laymen due to the fluctuating energy(More)
The " European Transport Solver " (ETS) [1,2] is the new modular simulator developed within the EFDA Integrated Tokamak Modelling (ITM) Task Force*. Ultimately, it will allow for the entire discharge simulation from the start up until the current termination phase, including controllers and subsystems. The paper presents the current status of the project(More)
The Failure Detection Routine is developed in the scope of the project PVSAT2, which is part of the EU programme " energy, environment and sustainable development " and is assisted in Switzerland by BBW. The project started in November 2002 und will last until October 2005. The commercial application will start in 2005. PURPOSE: Especially minor energy(More)
In CUB models the uncertainty of choice is explicitly modelled as a Combination of discrete Uniform and shifted Binomial random variables. The basic concept to model the response as a mixture of a deliberate choice of a response category and an uncertainty component that is represented by a uniform distribution on the response categories is extended to a(More)
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