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Stroke is worldwide a leading cause of death and disability. Its etiology is regarded as heterogeneous. Platelets are implicated in its pathophysiology, but our understanding of their specific role is incomplete. Only sparse and conflicting information exists about platelet reactivity and activity in acute stroke. Some scientists take the view that(More)
The present study examines biochemical and functional characteristics of platelet density subpopulations together with their ability to mobilise intracellular fibrinogen when activated. Platelets from three healthy volunteers were investigated. The total platelet population was separated according to density in a linear Percoll gradient in a plasma-free(More)
OBJECTIVE Knowledge concerning the neurobiological importance of platelets in Alzheimer's disease (AD) is sparse. P-selectin, which is located together with β-amyloid precursor proteins in platelet α-granules, is also found in endothelial cells. Upon activation, P-selectin is relocated to cell surfaces where it acts as a receptor. Subsequently, the protein(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY To investigate platelets and different inflammatory markers in conjunction with a substantial inflammatory reaction. We used individuals with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) as an experimental cohort. METHODS We selected 16 patients with active RA having at least one affected joint. On day 1, platelet and neutrophil counts together with(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of atrial fibrillation (AF) upon platelet reactivity has not been investigated. METHODS Subjects were 33 individuals with AF who consented to elective electrical cardioversion (ECV) immediately before ECV determination of surface-bound fibrinogen after stimulation i.e. platelet reactivity was carried out. A flow cytometer was(More)
INTRODUCTION Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive form of dementia characterized by an increase in the toxic substance β-amyloid in the brain. Platelets display a substantial heterogeneity with respect to density. They further contain a substantial amount of β-amyloid precursor protein. Platelets take up and store serotonin (5-HT) that plays an(More)
BACKGROUND The current study investigates circulating eosinophils and neutrophils in Alzheimer's (AD) type dementia with respect to density (kg/L). The existence of β-amyloid plaques in the brain is a feature of AD. Sporadic scientific reports indicate that the disease affects circulating neutrophils. In contrast, numerous publications investigate(More)
Platelets contain a substantial quantity of amyloid-precursor protein (APP) and β-amyloid. However, despite the large importance of APP and β-amyloid to dementia, little is known about platelets in sporadic Alzheimer dementia (AD). Furthermore, platelet heterogeneity influences human pathology and has been described to affect the progression of AD. This(More)
INTRODUCTION Serotonin (5-HT) is involved in the pathology of Alzheimer's disease (AD). OBJECTIVE We aimed to measure 5-HT level in platelets in AD and explore its association with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), AD biomarkers (amyloid-β 1-42 (Aβ42), total tau (t-tau), and phosphorylated tau (p-tau)), and clinical symptoms. METHODS 15 patients with AD and 20(More)