Michał Paweł Markowski

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INTRODUCTION Bladder cancer (BC) is a serious medical problem. The high rate of recurrence and progression demands the development of new methods, such as genetic markers, which allow diagnosis and patient follow-up. OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to compare expression of HIF-1, GLUT1, endoglin, and BRIC5 in patients without and those with BC. The(More)
Photodynamic diagnosis – current tool in diagnosis of carcinoma in situ of the urinary bladder Carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the urinary bladder is extremely hard to diagnose. The symptoms are highly un-specific and the small, flat CIS lesions can easily be missed, thus remaining unseen in standard white light cystoscopy. Photodynamic diagnosis (PDD) is(More)
INTRODUCTION Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a social disease caused by numerous contributing factors such as natural childbirth, obesity, hormonal deficiencies and changes in collagen fibers, to name a few. Currently, mini-slings, among all the surgical treatment methods, have gained significance. The aim of this study was to establish the(More)
INTRODUCTION Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a condition of social dimension which generally pertains to women of various age. The only effective treatments of SUI are surgical procedures. The use of tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) ensures low invasiveness but also carries the risk of complications. One of the complications may be migration of the tape(More)
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