Michał Nowakowski

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Accurate knowledge of greater palatine foramen (GPF) anatomy is necessary when performing a variety of anaesthesiological, dental or surgical procedures. The first aim of this study was to localize the GPF in relation to multiple anatomical landmarks. The second aim was to perform a systematic review of literature, and to conduct a meta-analysis on the(More)
For surface electromyography (sEMG) to become widely used in fecal incontinence (FI) etiology assessment, one would have to create a simple, step-by-step, computer-aided, electromyography-based algorithm that would become the basis for a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system. Thus, the aim of this work was to develop such an algorithm. Each patient included(More)
We have performed a detailed morphometric analysis of the length and anatomic routes of the greater palatine canal (GPC) and a systematic review of the literature on the anatomy of the GPC with the aim of informing dentists, maxillofacial surgeons, otorhinolaryngologists and other specialists performing procedures in the area of the GPC. In total, we(More)
The GERD pathogenesis may be associated with disturbances of the autonomic nervous system (ANS), which can be revealed using heart rate variability studies (HRV). The aim of presented study was to estimate the circadian ANS activity in 24-hour HRV recordings in GERD patients, both in non-erosive form (NERD), and with erosive, inflammatory changes in the(More)
BACKGROUND Gastric motor disturbances are observed in patients with both Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) forms - with (ERD) and without (NERD) esophageal inflammatory changes, and in Functional Dyspepsia (FD) patients, particularly in those with Postprandial Distress Syndrome (PDS). Gastric Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection is often present in these(More)
Surgical treatment of morbid obesity is becoming an increasingly important approach for the treatment of this condition. However, knowledge about the possibility of surgical procedures among general practitioners is far from satisfactory. The source of the problem might be due to a lack of information about bariatric surgery in university curriculum. We(More)
INTRODUCTION The goal of modern medical treatment is to provide high quality medical care in a cost-effective environment. AIM To assess the cost-effectiveness of laparoscopic colorectal surgery combined with the enhanced recovery after surgery protocol (ERP) in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS We designed a single-centre, case-matched study. Economic and(More)
OBJECTIVE As a result of a curriculum reform launched in 2012 at our institution, preclinical training was shortened to 2 years instead of the traditional 3 years, creating additional incentives to optimise teaching methods. In accordance with the new curriculum, a semester-long preclinical module of clinical skills (CS) laboratory training takes place in(More)
BACKGROUND The chain of survival is a set of most important factors affecting survival after an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Recognising the difficulties in applying the chain is the key to improving outcomes. Early return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after a cardiac arrest is a fundamental factor for patient survival. AIM To assess the(More)
BACKGROUND Assessment of the neurocontrol of the external anal sphincter has long been restricted to investigating patients by invasive tools. Less invasive techniques have been regarded less suitable for diagnosis. OBJECTIVE The aim was to develop a surface electromyography-based algorithm to facilitate fecal incontinence diagnosis, and to assess its(More)