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The absolute bioavailability and lung tissue distribution of the triamilide antimicrobial, tulathromycin, were investigated in swine. Fifty-six pigs received 2.5 mg/kg of tulathromycin 10% formulation by either intramuscular (i.m.) or intravenous (i.v.) route in two studies: study A (10 pigs, i.m. and 10 pigs, i.v.) and study B (36 pigs, i.m.). After i.m.(More)
Accurate knowledge of greater palatine foramen (GPF) anatomy is necessary when performing a variety of anaesthesiological, dental or surgical procedures. The first aim of this study was to localize the GPF in relation to multiple anatomical landmarks. The second aim was to perform a systematic review of literature, and to conduct a meta-analysis on the(More)
OBJECTIVE A modification of Doppler guided haemorrhoidal artery ligation (DGHAL) to include the addition of recto-anal repair is reported. Preliminary results of function and safety of third and fourth degree haemorrhoidals are given. METHOD Thirty patients underwent DGHAL combined with recto-anal-repair (RAR). Each had rectal examination, anorectal(More)
AIM Nonablative radiofrequency (RF) sphincter remodelling has been used to treat gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and faecal incontinence (FI). Its mechanism of action is unclear. We aimed to investigate the histomorphological and pathophysiological changes to the internal and external anal sphincter (IAS and EAS) following RF remodelling. METHOD(More)
For surface electromyography (sEMG) to become widely used in fecal incontinence (FI) etiology assessment, one would have to create a simple, step-by-step, computer-aided, electromyography-based algorithm that would become the basis for a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system. Thus, the aim of this work was to develop such an algorithm. Each patient included(More)
Orexin A may play a special role in animals' sensitivity to the day length changes such as sheep. The localization of mRNA for prepro-orexin in the ovine hypothalamus was found to correspond to the pattern described in rodents. The results of that research also showed that the expression of the orexin gene depends on the length of a day and is higher during(More)
We have performed a detailed morphometric analysis of the length and anatomic routes of the greater palatine canal (GPC) and a systematic review of the literature on the anatomy of the GPC with the aim of informing dentists, maxillofacial surgeons, otorhinolaryngologists and other specialists performing procedures in the area of the GPC. In total, we(More)
Gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the result of the acid contents regurgitation back from the stomach into the esophagus. According to the endoscopic findings, GERD can be divided into two main forms: non-erosive (NERD) and erosive reflux esophagitis. The pathogenesis of GERD is associated with the impaired function of the antireflux barrier.(More)
The GERD pathogenesis may be associated with disturbances of the autonomic nervous system (ANS), which can be revealed using heart rate variability studies (HRV). The aim of presented study was to estimate the circadian ANS activity in 24-hour HRV recordings in GERD patients, both in non-erosive form (NERD), and with erosive, inflammatory changes in the(More)
Surgical treatment of morbid obesity is becoming an increasingly important approach for the treatment of this condition. However, knowledge about the possibility of surgical procedures among general practitioners is far from satisfactory. The source of the problem might be due to a lack of information about bariatric surgery in university curriculum. We(More)