Learn More
BACKGROUND Detrimental left ventricular (LV) remodeling is exacerbated in hypercholesterolemic patients with myocardial infarction; however, this could result from either larger infarcts or more extensive remodeling itself in this population. Therefore, we sought to investigate whether high cholesterol feeding exacerbates LV remodeling and heart failure in(More)
AIMS beta-Blockers reduce mortality and morbidity in heart failure. Many of their benefits can be explained solely by heart rate reduction (HRR). We aimed to verify whether the beta-blocker, metoprolol, and the pure heart-rate-reducing agent, ivabradine, have the same effects on haemodynamic function, ventricular remodeling, and Ca2+ handling in(More)
The effect of ischemic preconditioning and superoxide dismutase (SOD) on endothelial glycocalyx and endothelium-dependent vasodilation in the postischemic isolated guinea-pig hearts was examined. Seven groups of hearts were used: group 1 underwent sham aerobic perfusion; group 2 was subjected to 40 min global ischemia without reperfusion; group 3, 40 min(More)
Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (ChRCC) is a subtype of renal cell carcinoma (RCC). ChRCC is diagnosed mainly in 6th decade of life. An incidence of ChRCC is similar in both men and woman. Eighty six percent of ChRCCs cases are diagnosed in stage 1 or 2. Prognosis of ChRCC is better than in other types of RCC. Five- and 10-year disease free survival (DFS)(More)
NO has been implicated in the mechanism of ischaemic preconditioning. To verify this hypothesis further we have attempted to reproduce effects of ischaemic preconditioning by nitric oxide donors administration prior to the ischaemia. The effect of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) and 3-morpholino-sydnonimine-hydrochloride (SIN- 1), NO donors, on reperfusion(More)
Recent case reports provided alarming signals that treatment with bortezomib might be associated with cardiac events. In all reported cases, patients experiencing cardiac problems were previously or concomitantly treated with other chemotherapeutics including cardiotoxic anthracyclines. Therefore, it is difficult to distinguish which components of the(More)
BACKGROUND Heart failure (HF) causes a decline in the function of the pacemaker of the heart-the sinoatrial node (SAN). The aim of the study was to investigate HF-induced changes in the expression of the ion channels and related proteins underlying the pacemaker activity of the SAN. METHODS AND RESULTS HF was induced in rats by the ligation of the(More)
Transient ischemia has been shown to impair endothelium-dependent, but not endothelium-independent, coronary vasodilation, indicating selective endothelial dysfunction. Here a hypothesis was tested that agonist mediated activation of protein kinase C (PKC) and the related overproduction of the oxidative species contribute to the mechanism of the endothelial(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Diet-induced hypercholesterolaemia exacerbates post-myocardial infarction (MI) ventricular remodelling and heart failure, but the mechanism of this phenomenon remains unknown. This study examined whether worsening of post-MI ventricular remodelling induced by dietary hypercholesterolaemia was related to upregulation of angiotensin II(More)
It is known that adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP) is a cotransmitter in the heart. Additionally, ATP is released from ischemic and hypoxic myocytes. Therefore, cardiac-derived sources of ATP have the potential to modify cardiac function. ATP activates P2X1–7 and P2Y1–14 receptors; however, the presence of P2X and P2Y receptor subtypes in strategic cardiac(More)