Michał Jóźwik

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OBJECTIVE Our purposes were to determine the relationship of the growth of umbilical blood flow to growth in body measurements of human fetuses in uncomplicated pregnancies. The study also aimed to assess the relative contributions of growth in umbilical vein diameter and of increased velocity to the increase in umbilical blood flow. STUDY DESIGN An(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was undertaken to assess the accuracy of triplex ultrasonographic measurement of venous umbilical blood flow in comparison with the steady-state diffusion technique and to determine the impact of cotyledon weight and number on umbilical blood flow. STUDY DESIGN Six late-gestation ewes with long-term catheter placement were studied for(More)
It has been suggested that perinatal asphyxia is not generally followed by neurological impairment unless there is preexisting chronic fetal distress. In cases of brain damage one can observe elevated levels of CK-BB. The purpose of our study was to evaluate CK isoenzymes in umbilical cord blood sera of newborns affected by chronic fetal distress. Fetal(More)
The uteroplacental tissues are a principal site of ammonia production for the conceptus. The goal of this study was to examine the effect of the composition of maternal amino acid (AA) infusate on uteroplacental ammonia production. Seven pregnant ewes (126 +/- 1. 4 days gestation) were infused through the maternal femoral vein (duration 3.5 h, rate 240 ml(More)
OBJECTIVE The infusion into the maternal circulation of amino acid solutions failed to increase umbilical threonine (THR) uptake above normal even when THR was present in the infusate at a relatively high concentration. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether umbilical THR uptake can be increased by infusing a THR solution that does not(More)
Functional placental insufficiency results in impaired feto-placental exchange, and subsequently in fetal growth restriction (FGR). We hypothesized that reductions in placental amino acid transporter activities in FGR pregnancies may be accompanied by abnormal expression of placental ammonia-handling enzymes. Term placentas were obtained from growth(More)
OBJECTIVE Competition for placental amino acid transporters can affect the fetal supply of amino acids. Specifically, the branched-chain amino acids-isoleucine, leucine, and valine-may inhibit the transfer of other amino acids. This study was undertaken to determine the effect of branched-chain amino acids on the umbilical uptake of amino acids. STUDY(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of the study was to determine whether a prolonged maternal infusion of amino acids would increase the umbilical uptake of amino acids and uteroplacental ammonia production. STUDY DESIGN Six pregnant sheep (134.5 2.3 days after conception) were infused for 12 hours overnight with an amino acid solution. Uterine and umbilical blood(More)
Placental uptake and transport of three nonmetabolizable amino acids with different reactivities for transport systems were studied in sheep under normal physiologic conditions. Methylaminoisobutyric acid (MeAIB), which has specific affinity for the sodium-dependent A system transporters, demonstrated placental concentrative uptake from the uterine and the(More)
OBJECTIVE The transition from colostrum to mature breast milk during early puerperium is associated with significant concentration changes of numerous compounds. However, it is not known whether the free sugars, aminohexoses, and polyols are affected. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to determine their concentrations in human colostrum and milk during the(More)