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A series of tetrapeptide p-nitroanilide substrates of the general formula: suc-Ala-Ala-Pro-Aaa-p-nitroanilide was used to map the S1 binding pocket of human cathepsin G. Based on the kcat/Km parameter, the following order of preference was found: Lys=Phe>Arg=Leu>Met>Nle=Nva>Ala>Asp. Thus, the enzyme exhibits clear dual and equal trypsin- and(More)
PKC is implicated in the regulation of mitochondrial metabolism. We examined the association of PKCβ with mitochondria and followed postischemic changes in its amount in mitochondria isolated from ischemia-vulnerable (CA1) and ischemia-resistant (CA2-4,DG) hippocampus in gerbil model of transient brain ischemia. Our observations suggest that transient(More)
A previously unidentified intermediate has been detected in the early stages of the oxidative folding of bovine pancreatic trypsin inhibitor (BPTI). The intermediate contains one disulphide bond between residues 14 and 38 and is denoted [14-38]. The 14-38 disulphide bond is also found in native BPTI. Although the other native one-disulphide intermediates,(More)
Using recombinant variants of BPTI, we have determined the rate constants corresponding to formation of each of the fifteen possible disulfide bonds in BPTI, starting from the reduced, unfolded protein. The 14-38 disulfide forms faster than any of the other 14 possible disulfides. This faster rate results from significantly higher intrinsic chemical(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by an early synaptic loss, which strongly correlates with the severity of dementia. The pathogenesis and causes of characteristic AD symptoms are not fully understood. Defects in various cellular cascades were suggested, including the imbalance in production of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. Alterations in(More)
Binding of a long series of mono- and dinucleotide analogues of the 7-methylguanosine containing 5'-mRNA-cap to human protein translation initiation factor eIF4E has been investigated by means of fluorescence. A new methodological approach in gathering and analysis of the fluorescence data provided us with very accurate values of the association equilibrium(More)
Interactions of amyloid beta (Abeta) peptides with Cu(II) are believed to play a crucial role in the molecular mechanisms of neurotoxicity of Alzheimer's disease. There is, however, a serious disagreement regarding the strength of Cu(II) binding to these peptides. We used recombinant amyloid beta peptide 1-40 (Abeta40) to determine the stoichiometry and(More)
Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) are the most common inherited progressive encephalopathies of childhood. One of the most prevalent forms of NCL, Juvenile neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (JNCL) or CLN3 disease (OMIM: 204200), is caused by mutations in the CLN3 gene on chromosome 16p12.1. Despite progress in the NCL field, the primary function of(More)
UNLABELLED Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL) are a group of inherited progressive childhood disorders, characterized by early accumulation of autofluorescent storage material in lysosomes of neurons or other cells. Clinical symptoms of NCL include: progressive loss of vision, mental and motor deterioration, epileptic seizures and premature death. CLN1(More)
Oligomers formed by amyloid β (Aβ) peptide are widely believed to be the main neurotoxic agent in Alzheimer's disease. Studies discovered a broad variety of oligomeric forms, which display different levels of toxicity. Some of these forms may further assemble into mature fibrils, while other might be off-pathway from conversion to fibrils and assemble into(More)