Michaël Heusch

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Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is capable of infecting nondividing cells such as macrophages because the viral preintegration complex is able to actively traverse the limiting nuclear pore due to the redundant and possibly overlapping nuclear import signals present in Vpr, matrix, and integrase. We have previously recognized the presence of at(More)
nfkb2 encodes two members of the NF-kappa B/Rel family of proteins: p52 and p100. The p100 polypeptide has been proposed to serve as a precursor of p52, which corresponds to the N-terminal half of p100. While p52 functions as a Rel transcription factor, the larger p100 protein acts as a cytoplasmic inhibitor of select NF-kappa B/Rel transcription factor(More)
We have constructed a hairpin ribozyme targeted to cleave a conserved sequence in the HIV-1 pol gene. The ribozyme was modified to include a structure-stabilizing tetraloop. In vitro studies revealed a cleavage efficiency unprecedented for hairpin ribozymes (Kcat/Km = 75 min-1 microM-1). Stable retroviral vector transduction of this ribozyme gene in T-cell(More)
A hairpin ribozyme targeting the 3' LTR region (9456) of SIVmac238 was cloned into a murine retroviral vector. This target sequence is conserved among various SIV, as well as most HIV-2, strains. The ribozyme cassette is driven from a polymerase III promoter, that of the human tRNAval gene. Hybrid human B-/T-cell lines (CEM/174) were transduced with the(More)
Evaluation of candidate genes for stem cell gene therapy for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) has been limited by the difficulty of supporting in vitro T-cell differentiation of genetically modified hematopoietic progenitor cells. Using a novel thymic stromal culture technique, we evaluated the ability of a hairpin ribozyme specific for simian(More)
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