Michaël B Kupper

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A clinical isolate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa recovered from the lower respiratory tract of an 81-year-old patient hospitalized in Belgium was sent to the national reference center to determine its resistance mechanism. PCR sequencing identified a new GES variant, GES-18, which differs from the carbapenem-hydrolyzing enzyme GES-5 by a single amino acid(More)
Although commercialized inhibitors of active site serine beta-lactamases are currently used in coadministration with antibiotic therapy, no clinically useful inhibitors of metallo-beta-lactamases (MBLs) have yet been discovered. In this paper, we investigated the inhibitory effect of mercaptophosphonate derivatives against the three subclasses of MBLs (B1,(More)
Bacteria can defend themselves against beta-lactam antibiotics through the expression of class B beta-lactamases, which cleave the beta-lactam amide bond and render the molecule harmless. There are three subclasses of class B beta-lactamases (B1, B2, and B3), all of which require Zn2+ for activity and can bind either one or two zinc ions. Whereas the B1 and(More)
GES-1 is a class A extended-spectrum β-lactamase conferring resistance to penicillins, narrow- and expanded-spectrum cephalosporins, and ceftazidime. However, GES-1 poorly hydrolyzes aztreonam and cephamycins and exhibits very low k(cat) values for carbapenems. Twenty-two GES variants have been discovered thus far, differing from each other by 1 to 3 amino(More)
The CphAII protein from the hyperthermophile Aquifex aeolicus shows the five conserved motifs of the metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) superfamily and presents 28% identity with the Aeromonas hydrophila subclass B2 CphA MBL. The gene encoding CphAII was amplified by PCR from the A. aeolicus genomic DNA and overexpressed in Escherichia coli using a pLex-based(More)
The metallo-β-lactamase VIM-31 differs from VIM-2 by only two Tyr224His and His252Arg substitutions. Located close to the active site, the Tyr224His substitution is also present in VIM-1, VIM-4, VIM-7 and VIM-12. The VIM-31 variant was reported in 2012 from Enterobacter cloacae and kinetically characterized. It exhibits globally lower catalytic efficiencies(More)
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