Michaël B Kupper

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GES-1 is a class A extended-spectrum β-lactamase conferring resistance to penicillins, narrow- and expanded-spectrum cephalosporins, and ceftazidime. However, GES-1 poorly hydrolyzes aztreonam and cephamycins and exhibits very low k(cat) values for carbapenems. Twenty-two GES variants have been discovered thus far, differing from each other by 1 to 3 amino(More)
A clinical isolate of Pseudomonas aeruginosa recovered from the lower respiratory tract of an 81-year-old patient hospitalized in Belgium was sent to the national reference center to determine its resistance mechanism. PCR sequencing identified a new GES variant, GES-18, which differs from the carbapenem-hydrolyzing enzyme GES-5 by a single amino acid(More)
Although commercialized inhibitors of active site serine beta-lactamases are currently used in coadministration with antibiotic therapy, no clinically useful inhibitors of metallo-beta-lactamases (MBLs) have yet been discovered. In this paper, we investigated the inhibitory effect of mercaptophosphonate derivatives against the three subclasses of MBLs (B1,(More)
The metallo-β-lactamase VIM-31 differs from VIM-2 by only two Tyr224His and His252Arg substitutions. Located close to the active site, the Tyr224His substitution is also present in VIM-1, VIM-4, VIM-7 and VIM-12. The VIM-31 variant was reported in 2012 from Enterobacter cloacae and kinetically characterized. It exhibits globally lower catalytic efficiencies(More)
Bacteria can defend themselves against beta-lactam antibiotics through the expression of class B beta-lactamases, which cleave the beta-lactam amide bond and render the molecule harmless. There are three subclasses of class B beta-lactamases (B1, B2, and B3), all of which require Zn2+ for activity and can bind either one or two zinc ions. Whereas the B1 and(More)
The CphAII protein from the hyperthermophile Aquifex aeolicus shows the five conserved motifs of the metallo-β-lactamase (MBL) superfamily and presents 28% identity with the Aeromonas hydrophila subclass B2 CphA MBL. The gene encoding CphAII was amplified by PCR from the A. aeolicus genomic DNA and overexpressed in Escherichia coli using a pLex-based(More)
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