Michèle de Monte

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UNLABELLED A survey of nebulisation practice in France was conducted under the aegis of the French respiratory society in 2004. METHODS Analysis of a questionnaire was obtained from 3674 physicians. RESULTS A total of 2439 physicians were general practitioners (GPs), 698 were chest physicians, and 537 paediatricians. The main reasons to use nebulisation(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate a potential association between occupational risk factors and severity markers of systemic sclerosis (SSc) defined by diffuse cutaneous extent, pulmonary involvement, and immunologic profile, i.e., presence of antitopoisomerase I antibody (anti-topo I). METHODS Occupational exposures were assessed in 105 patients with SSc from(More)
Emerging data indicate that serine proteases of the kallikrein family (KLK) are implicated in various human diseases, including carcinoma; however, kallikrein gene expression has never been investigated in lung cancer. Using RT-PCR and Western blotting, we demonstrated the expression of both KLK5 and KLK7, and their respective proteins (hK5 and hK7) in(More)
The protease-antiprotease imbalance that is characteristic of most inflammatory lung disorders depends on the spatial-temporal regulation of active inhibitor and protease concentrations in lung secretions. We have studied the competition between the three main serine proteases from human neutrophil primary granules in their binding to alpha1-Pi, the main(More)
The inhaled route is increasingly developed to deliver locally acting or systemic therapies, and rodent models are used to assess tolerance before clinical studies. Endotracheal intubation of rats with a probe which generates powder aerosols enables controlled administration of drug directly into the respiratory tract. However, preliminary observations of(More)
Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is of particular concern to immunodeficient patients, whose mortality rates may exceed 80%. The development of an animal model that faithfully reproduces the pathophysiology of IPA would improve the studies on diagnostic and therapeutic modes, and the use of rats as a possible model for IPA seems to have been largely(More)
The aim of this study was to assess a residual gravimetric method based on weighing dry filters to measure the aerosol output of nebulizers. This residual gravimetric method was compared to assay methods based on spectrophotometric measurement of terbutaline (Bricanyl, Astra Zeneca, France), high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) measurement of(More)
To relate exposure to adverse health effects, it is necessary to know where particles in the submicron range deposit in the respiratory tract. The possibly higher vulnerability of children requires specific inhalation studies. However, radio-aerosol deposition experiments involving children are rare because of ethical restrictions related to radiation(More)
In pigs raised for meat production, weaning is a critical period because of related physiological perturbations and negative consequences on performance. Previous studies have shown that early weaning could either impair development of mucosal barrier function or boost intestinal immunologic parameters. In order to obtain further knowledge about the impact(More)
Only one transcript for KLK10 was identified by RT-PCR in lung tissue, whereas KLK11 expressed at least four alternative transcripts. Quantitative analysis of KLK10 and KLK11 expression levels was assessed by real-time PCR, in a cohort of 47 patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Expression levels of these genes were widely distributed in the(More)