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Seven fasting subjects were fitted with nasogastric and nasoduodenal tubes and received intragastrically a coarsely emulsified test meal. Gastric and duodenal aspirates were collected after 1, 2, 3, and 4 h. In the duodenum, most lipids (> 90%) were present as emulsified droplets 1-100 microns in size. Large droplets and unemulsified material present in the(More)
BACKGROUND The extent of fat emulsification affects the activity of digestive lipases in vitro and may govern digestion and absorption of dietary fat. OBJECTIVE We investigated the effect of the fat globule size of 2 enteral emulsions on fat digestion and assimilation in humans. DESIGN Healthy subjects received intragastrically a coarse (10 microm) and(More)
The role of postprandial insulin in the regulation of postprandial lipid metabolism is still poorly understood. The roles of hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance in the alteration of postprandial lipid metabolism are not clear either. To improve knowledge in this area, we submitted healthy men to acute hyperinsulinemia in two different ways. In the first(More)
Between April 1987 and May 1990 a total of 212 consecutive patients with tumours in the head and neck region were admitted to a prospective study comparing planned prospective enteral nutrition via percutaneous endoscopically guided gastrostomy (PEG; n=47) and oral nutrition (n=134). The nutritional status (anthropometric and laboratory chemical parameters)(More)
Fasting subjects were intragastrically intubated and received a coarsely emulsified test meal. Gastric aspirates were collected after 1, 2, 3, and 4 h. During digestion in the stomach, unemulsified lipids (> or = 100 microns) represented a minor fraction. A significant amount of the large 70- to 100-microns lipid droplets disappeared, and fine 1- to(More)
We aimed to provide basic data on the processing of vitamin A and E in the human gastrointestinal tract and to assess whether the size of emulsion fat globules affects the bioavailability of these vitamins. Eight healthy men received intragastrically two lipid formulas differing in their fat-globule median diameter (0.7 vs. 10. 1 microm. Formulas provided(More)
BACKGROUND Exacerbated postprandial lipemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and is linked to insulin status. Limited data on the effect of dietary carbohydrate on postprandial lipoprotein accumulation are available. OBJECTIVE We tested the hypothesis that dietary carbohydrates with different glucose availability alter postprandial lipoprotein(More)
Six normolipidemic males ingested on separate days a low-fiber test meal [2.8 g dietary fiber (TDF)] containing 70 g fat and 756 mg cholesterol, enriched or not with 10 g TDF as oat bran, rice bran, or wheat fiber or 4.2 g TDF as wheat germ. Fasting and postmeal blood samples were obtained for 7 h and chylomicrons were isolated. Adding fibers to the test(More)
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the links between chronic fat-cholesterol intake, postprandial lipaemia and atherogenesis in New Zealand White rabbits. Adult rabbits were fed on either a low-fat control diet (LF) or a high-fat, high-cholesterol diet (HF). Rabbits received a test meal containing [3H]cholesterol and [14C]triolein on days 0 and 63(More)
BACKGROUND The process of intestinal absorption and chylomicron resecretion of dietary cholesterol in humans is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE The present study aimed to test the hypothesis that dietary cholesterol ingested during a given meal is resecreted into chylomicrons (and plasma) during several subsequent postprandial periods. DESIGN Seven healthy(More)