Michèle Roux

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Pneumocystis jirovecii is the only fungus of its kind to be pathogenic in humans. It is primarily responsible for pneumonia (PJP). The key to understanding immune defences has focused on T-cells, mainly because of the HIV infection epidemic. Patients presenting with PJP all have a CD4 count below 200/mm(3). The introduction of systematic primary prophylaxis(More)
Several small studies have indicated an impaired cell mediated immune response as a possible cause for the delayed elimination of the bacteria in Whipple's disease. A specific defect, however, has not been defined. We examined the expression of cell surface molecules and mitogenic responses of peripheral blood mononuclear cells in 27 patients with Whipple's(More)
Patient records have been developed to support the physician-oriented medical activity scheme. One recommended yet rarely studied alternative, expected to improve healthcare, is the patient-centered record. We propose a development framework for such record, which includes domain-specific database models at the conceptual level, analyzing the fundamental(More)
The present report describes functional characteristics of a monoclonal antibody (mAb), TA/211, which is reactive with a common determinant of the human CD45 molecules. When added to purified testing human T cells, TA/211, which is itself not mitogenic, leads to a strong proliferative response in combination with submitogenic concentrations of anti-T11(2)(More)
The human adhesion receptor CD58 (LFA-3) is expressed on most human cell types. Here we report on a soluble form of CD58 (sCD58) in human serum, human urine, and culture supernatants of several cell lines. sCD58 partially purified from human serum, from supernatant of the Hodgkin cell line L428, and purified sCD58 from human urine were found to have a(More)
A new knowledge-representation system is presented, designed for medical knowledge-based applications and in particular for the analysis of descriptive medical reports. Knowledge is represented at two levels. A definitional level uses a concept-type hierarchy, a relation-type hierarchy, and a set of schematic graphs to define the concepts used and the(More)
CD58 (LFA-3), a heavily glycosylated protein of 40-70 kDa, is expressed on a broad range of hematopoietic and non-hematopoietic cells. It serves as a physiological ligand of the CD2 receptor, present on T cells and natural killer cells, and plays, thus, an important role in lymphocyte adhesion and T cell activation through CD2. Whereas several epitopes and(More)