Michèle Garabédian

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Cultured microglial cells were examined for their ability to metabolize 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25-(OH) D3). Upon exposure to lipopolysaccharide, microglial cells produced a vitamin D metabolite which comigrated with synthetic 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2D3) in two different systems of high performance liquid chromatography. This metabolite had the(More)
Familial hypophosphatemic rickets is in most cases transmitted as an X-linked dominant trait and results from mutation of the PHEX gene, predominantly expressed in osteoblast and odontoblast. Patients have been reported to display important dentin defects, and therefore, we explored the dentin structure, composition, and distribution of extracellular matrix(More)
This study was undertaken to determine the longitudinal changes of serum 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25-(OH)(2)D) and insulin like growth factor I (IGF-I) levels at 20.7, 27.6, and 35.5 week periods of gestation in 40 pregnant women who remained normotensive (NT) and in 10 women who developed preeclampsia (PE). As compared with the first period, significant(More)
Lung maturation before birth includes type II pneumocyte differentiation with progressive disappearance of glycogen content and onset of surfactant synthesis. We have shown previously that 1,25-(OH)2D3 increases surfactant synthesis and secretion by type II cells and decreases their glycogen content in fetal rat lung explants. Recently, the gene coding(More)
Patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) are at risk of developing low bone mineral density (BMD) and fragility fractures. This paper presents consensus statements that summarise current knowledge of the epidemiology and pathophysiology of CF-related skeletal deficits and provides guidance on its assessment, prevention and treatment. The statements were validated(More)
During preeclampsia several alterations of calcium metabolism have been described, the most common of them is hypocalciuria, which pathophysiology is still unclear. In order to assess the contribution of calciotropic hormones to urinary calcium excretion, a cross-sectional study was done including 26 preeclamptic Mexican women (PE group) and 26 normotensive(More)
Deficiency of protein Gs (Gs; OMIM no.103580), the stimulatory regulator of adenylyl cyclase, is associated with resistance to PTH and other hormones, sc calcifications, short stature, and skeletal defects (Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy). It is caused by heterozygous loss of function mutations in GNAS 1, the gene encoding the alpha-subunit of Gs.(More)
The human vitamin D receptor (hVDR) gene encompasses eight exons (2-9) in the so-called coding region and six more exons (1a-1f) in the so-called regulatory region, which contains several reported promoters. Evolutionary comparison performed on the VDR promoter sequences of a dozen of mammalian species shows a very high conservation of numerous regions(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the pulmonary vitamin D metabolism in tuberculosis and the calcium metabolism abnormalities and other clinical characteristics of the disease. The metabolism of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) by alveolar immune cells recovered by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was evaluated in parallel to the(More)
Recently, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-D3) and less hypercalcemic analogs were shown to exert a delayed cytotoxic effect on rat C6 glioma cells. 1,25-D3 induces in these cells a programmed cell death, accompanied by the induction of c-myc, p53 and gadd 45 genes. The involvement of the intracellular vitamin D receptor (VDR) remained to be determined. In(More)