Michèle Calas

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We created neutral antimalarial prodrugs that deliver bisthiazolium compounds with antimalarial activity in the nanomolar range. These drugs primarily affect early intraerythrocytic stages through rapid, nonreversible cytotoxicity. The compounds are suitable for both parenteral and oral use and plasma promotes rapid conversion of the prodrug into the drug.(More)
A series of 80 compounds, primary, secondary, and tertiary amines and quaternary ammonium and bisammonium salts, most of them synthesized as potential choline or ethanolamine analogs, were tested against the in vitro growth of Plasmodium falciparum, the human malaria parasite. They were active over the 10(-3)-10(-8) M concentration range. A(More)
Quaternary ammonium compounds have received recent attention due to their potent in vivo antimalarial activity based on their ability to inhibit de novo phosphatidylcholine synthesis. Here we show that in addition to this, heme binding significantly contributes to the antimalarial activity of these compounds. For the study, we used a recently synthesized(More)
A new class of antimalarial drugs targeting phospholipid metabolism of the malarial parasite is now in development. In the strategy of this development, two mono-thiazolium salts, T1 and T2, need to be monitored. A liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) method has been developed and validated according to FDA guidelines for simultaneous(More)
Amidoxime and O-substituted derivatives of the bis-alkylamidine 1,12-bis(N,N'-acetamidinyl)dodecane were synthesized and evaluated as in vitro and in vivo antimalarial prodrugs. The bis-O-methylsulfonylamidoxime 8 and the bis-oxadiazolone 9 derivatives show relatively potent antimalarial activity after oral administration.
The systematic screening of more than 250 molecules against Plasmodium falciparum in vitro has previously shown that interfering with phospholipid metabolism is lethal to the malaria parasite. These compounds act by impairing choline transport in infected erythrocytes, resulting in phosphatidylcholine de novo biosynthesis inhibition. A thorough study was(More)
A leading bisthiazolium drug, T16, designed to mimic choline, was shown to exert potent antibabesial activity, with 50% inhibitory concentrations of 28 and 7 nM against Babesia divergens and B. canis, respectively. T16 accumulated inside Babesia-infected erythrocytes (cellular accumulation ratio, >60) by a saturable process with an apparent K(m) of 0.65(More)
We previously showed that quaternary ammonium salts have potent antimalarial activities against the blood stage of drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum. In the present study, 13 compounds of this series were comparatively assessed in murine in vivo malarial models. Mice infected with Plasmodium berghei were successfully treated with 11 quaternary ammonium(More)
Three new series comprising 24 novel cationic choline analogues and consisting of mono- or bis (N or C-5-duplicated) thiazolium salts have been synthesized. Bis-thiazolium salts showed potent antimalarial activity (much superior to monothiazoliums). Among them, bis-thiazolium salts 12 and 13 exhibited IC(50) values of 2.25 nM and 0.65 nM, respectively,(More)
During asexual development within erythrocytes, malaria parasites synthesize considerable amounts of membrane. This activity provides an attractive target for chemotherapy because it is absent from mature erythrocytes. We found that compounds that inhibit phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis de novo from choline were potent antimalarial drugs. The lead(More)