Michèle Brocard

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Thousands of small Open Reading Frames (smORFs) with the potential to encode small peptides of fewer than 100 amino acids exist in our genomes. However, the number of smORFs actually translated, and their molecular and functional roles are still unclear. In this study, we present a genome-wide assessment of smORF translation by ribosomal profiling of(More)
We have previously shown that the DNA damage-induced G2 arrest is contributed by inhibition of Aurora A (AurA) and that transduction of active AurA into arrested cells allows bypassing the block through reactivation of CDK1. In this study, we investigated the mechanism of DNA damage-induced AurA inhibition. We provide evidence that ionizing radiation (IR)(More)
The domain V within the internal ribosome entry segment (IRES) of poliovirus (PV) is expected to be important in its own neurovirulence because it contains an attenuating mutation in each of the Sabin vaccine strains. In this study, we try to find out if the results observed in the case of Sabin vaccine strains of PV can be extrapolated to another virus(More)
Viral proteins are frequently multifunctional to accommodate the high density of information encoded in viral genomes. Matrix (M) protein of negative-stranded RNA viruses such as Rhabdoviridae is one such example. Its primary function is virus assembly/budding but it is also involved in the switch from viral transcription to replication and the concomitant(More)
Cell migration is a highly controlled essential cellular process, often dysregulated in tumour cells, dynamically controlled by the architecture of the cell. Studies involving cellular fractionation and microarray profiling have previously identified functionally distinct mRNA populations specific to cellular organelles and architectural compartments.(More)
It is now well established that Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) translation is driven by an Internal Ribosome Entry Site (IRES) resulting in cap-independent translation. Such a mechanism usually occurs with the help of IRES Associated Factors (ITAFs). Moreover, an important translational feature is likely conserved from the model of classical mRNA circularisation(More)
During cell spreading, mammalian cells migrate using lamellipodia formed from a large dense branched actin network which produces the protrusive force required for leading edge advancement. The formation of lamellipodia is a dynamic process and is dependent on a variety of protein cofactors that mediate their local regulation, structural characteristics and(More)
The role of m6A methylation of RNA has remained elusive for decades, but recent technological advances are now allowing the mapping of the m6A methylation landscape at nucleotide level. This has spurred an explosion in our understanding of the role played by RNA epigenetics in RNA biology. m6A modifications have been tied to almost every aspect of the mRNA(More)
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