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Pyruvate constitutes a critical branch point in cellular carbon metabolism. We have identified two proteins, Mpc1 and Mpc2, as essential for mitochondrial pyruvate transport in yeast, Drosophila, and humans. Mpc1 and Mpc2 associate to form an ~150-kilodalton complex in the inner mitochondrial membrane. Yeast and Drosophila mutants lacking MPC1 display(More)
In a personal series of 107 patients, we describe clinical presentations, methods of recognition and therapeutic management of inherited fatty acid oxidation (FAO) defects. As a whole, FAO disorders appear very severe: among the 107 patients, only 57 are still living. Including 47 siblings who died early in infancy, in total 97 patients died, of whom 30%(More)
In this paper we report the identification of a new disorder of mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation in a patient which presented with clear manifestations of a mitochondrial beta-oxidation disorder. Subsequent studies in fibroblasts revealed an impairment in palmitate beta-oxidation and in addition, a combined deficiency of long-chain enoyl-CoA(More)
BACKGROUND The clinical manifestations of inherited disorders of fatty acid oxidation vary according to the enzymatic defect. They may present as isolated cardiomyopathy, sudden death, progressive skeletal myopathy, or hepatic failure. Arrhythmia is an unusual presenting symptom of fatty acid oxidation deficiencies. METHODS AND RESULTS Over a period of 25(More)
Autosomal recessive LPIN1 mutations have been recently described as a novel cause of rhabdomyolysis in a few families. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of LPIN1 mutations in patients exhibiting severe episodes of rhabdomyolysis in infancy. After exclusion of primary fatty acid oxidation disorders, LPIN1 coding sequence was determined(More)
Carbohydrate metabolism was studied in a child with atypical glycogen storage disease and Fanconi syndrome. Massive glucosuria, partial resistance to glucagon and abnormal responses to carbohydrate loads, mainly in the form of major impairment of galactose utilization were found, as reported in previous cases. Increased blood lactate to pyruvate ratios,(More)
Mitochondrial respiratory chain complex III (ubiquinol-cytochrome c reductase) consists of 11 subunits, only one (cytochrome b) being encoded by the mitochondrial DNA. Disorders of complex III are comparatively rare but are nevertheless present as a clinically heterogeneous group of diseases. To date, no mutation in any of the nuclear-encoded subunits has(More)
We report a case of neonatal congenital lactic acidosis associated with pyruvate dehydrogenase E3-binding protein deficiency in a newborn girl. She had a severe encephalopathy, and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain showed large subependymal cysts and no basal ganglia lesions. She died 35 days after birth. We detected a novel homozygous deletion(More)