Micah J. Guthrie

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There is significant interest in biomaterials that provide sustained release of therapeutic molecules to the retina. Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm)-based materials have received significant attention as injectable drug delivery platforms due to PNIPAAm's thermo-responsive properties at approximately 32 °C. While the drug delivery properties of(More)
This study evaluated the effect of exogenous PGF(2)alpha on circulating LH concentrations in postpartum multiparous (n = 32) and primiparous (n = 46) Brahman cows. The cows were randomly allotted within parity and calving date to receive 0, 1, 2 or 3 mg im PGF(2)alpha (alfaprostol)/100 kg body weight (BW), with or without GnRH on Day 30 after calving. Blood(More)
The purpose of this study was to develop a non-biased method of quantitatively measuring choroidal neovascularization (CNV) areas based on late-phase fluorescein angiography (FA) images. Experimental CNV was induced in Long Evans rats by laser disruption of the Bruch's membrane. FA was performed weekly for 5weeks. Multi-Otsu thresholding (MOT) was used to(More)
Brahman (n = 9) and 1/2 Simmental x 1/4 Brahman x 1/4 Hereford (n = 11) calves were utilized to determine the influence of exposure to cold on the physiology of the neonate. All calves were removed from their dams within 20 min of birth and prior to suckling. Calves were assigned randomly within breed to either a warm (W; 31 degrees C) or cold (C; 4 degrees(More)
Abnormal retinal blood flow (RBF) has been associated with numerous retinal pathologies, yet existing methods for measuring RBF predominantly provide only relative measures of blood flow and are unable to quantify volumetric blood flow, which could allow direct patient to patient comparison. This work presents a methodology based on linear systems theory(More)
PURPOSE To directly measure in vivo retinal nitric oxide (NO) concentration in experimental early diabetic retinopathy and correlate measurements with blood glucose to determine how intraretinal NO changes with severity of diabetes. METHODS Long-Evans rats were made diabetic with streptozotocin (STZ). Three weeks post STZ injection, intraretinal NO(More)
PURPOSE Demonstrate in vivo that controlled and extended release of a low dose of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) from a microsphere-hydrogel drug delivery system (DDS) has a therapeutic effect in a laser-induced rat model of choroidal neovascularization (CNV). METHODS Anti-VEGF (ranibizumab or aflibercept) was loaded into(More)
Brahman calves (n = 28) were used to evaluate the effect of environmental temperature during the 1st or 2nd d after birth. Calves were removed from their dams within 30 min of birth (newborn; D0) before suckling or at 20 h of age and fasted for 4 h before treatment (day-old; D1). Calves were placed in either a warm (W; 25 degrees C) or a cold (C; 5 degrees(More)
The effects of ambient temperature and source of exogenous energy (glucose or colostrum) on the ability of newborn Brahman calves to maintain rectal temperature (RT) were determined. All calves were removed from dams within 30 min of birth, before suckling. Calves were catheterized and placed in either a warm (25 degrees C) or cold (5 degrees C) environment(More)
A trial was conducted to evaluate the ability of a prostaglandin analog, Luprostiol (LP), to synchronize estrus in Brahman cows and heifers. Animals were injected with either 0, 3.75, 7.5, 15 or 30 mg LP or 500 micrograms cloprostenol (CLP) on d 8 or 9 after estrus (d 0). All concentrations of LP (greater than 0 mg) and CLP caused luteolysis in cows and(More)