Learn More
PURPOSE To determine whether specific regions of cerebral cortex are activated at the onset and during the propagation of absence seizures. METHODS Twenty-five absence seizures were recorded in five subjects (all women; age 19-58 years) with primary generalized epilepsy. To improve spatial resolution, all studies were performed with dense-array,(More)
The purpose of this prospective, open-label pilot study was to determine whether treatment with levetiracetam improves neuropsychological functioning in children and adolescents who have evidence of subclinical spike production associated with attention and learning difficulties. Six participants (mean age 9.8 years) were treated with levetiracetam up to 40(More)
Neural mechanisms of conscious attention require thalamic control of widespread cortical networks. Absence spells involve a momentary loss of voluntary control of attention, during which the person is inactive and unresponsive. The spike-wave seizure discharges of these spells rapidly engage both cerebral hemispheres in the classic sign of a "generalized"(More)
A 13-year-old girl presented with refractory seizures since the age of 5 years. Clinical exam and MRI studies were normal. Ictal EEG discharges suggested possible left posterior quadrant distribution but were not well localized with standard methods. A seizure was recorded during 128-channel EEG video long-term monitoring prior to invasive recordings.(More)
Current use of microbes for metabolic engineering suffers from loss of metabolic output due to natural selection. Rather than combat the evolution of bacterial populations, we chose to embrace what makes biological engineering unique among engineering fields - evolving materials. We harnessed bacteria to compute solutions to the biological problem of(More)
  • 1