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Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) have been cultured from a variety of human tumors, and some melanoma TIL have demonstrated specific, MHC-restricted recognition of autologous tumor in short term lysis assays. The current study investigates cytokine release by TIL as an indicator of specific tumor recognition. We have identified two of four melanoma and(More)
Recombinant annexin V (rAnV) has been used to identify apoptotic cells based on its ability to bind phosphatidylserine (PS), a lipid normally restricted to the cytoplasmic face of the plasma membrane, but externalized early during apoptosis. However, this association of rAnV binding and apoptosis is not an obligatory one. We demonstrate that rAnV binds to a(More)
Small GTP-binding protein rab8 regulates transport from the TGN to the basolateral plasma membrane in epithelial cells and to the dendritic plasma membrane in cultured hippocampal neurons. In our approach to identify proteins involved in rhodopsin transport and sorting in retinal photoreceptors, we have found, using [32P]GTP overlays of 2D gel blots, that(More)
Although commonly expressed human melanoma-associated antigens recognized by CD8+ cytolytic T cells have been described, little is known about CD4+ T-cell recognition of melanoma-associated antigens. Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B cells were used to present antigens derived from whole cell lysates of autologous and allogeneic melanomas for recognition by(More)
Despite the widespread clinical use of tamoxifen as a breast cancer prevention agent, the molecular mechanism of tamoxifen chemoprevention is poorly understood. Abnormal expression of p53 is felt to be an early event in mammary carcinogenesis. We developed an in vitro model of early breast cancer prevention to investigate how tamoxifen and(More)
Intramuscular injection of plasmid DNA expression vectors encoding the three envelope proteins of the hepatitis B virus (HBV) induced humoral responses in C57BL/6 mice specific to several antigenic determinants of the viral envelope. The first antibodies appeared within 1-2 weeks after injection of DNA and included antibodies of the IgM isotype. Over the(More)
In a pilot study, it was established that specific therapy by standard anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination may be effective in reducing HBV replication and canceling the immune tolerance to hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) particles in about 50% of persons with chronic active HBV replication. In the present study, the vaccine-induced immune(More)
Recombinant human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) subviral particles of dual antigenicity and immunogenicity were obtained by fusing 84 amino acids of the HIV type 1 external envelope glycoprotein within the pre-S2 part of the hepatitis B middle protein (M.-L. Michel, M. Mancini, E. Sobczak, V. Favier, D. Guétard, E.-M.(More)
Direct gene transfer by intramuscular injection of plasmid DNA encoding an antigenic protein may be used for the purpose of immunization. DNA-based immunization may be of value for basic immunological research and vaccine development. Several factors influence the uptake and expression of plasmid DNA in skeletal muscle, which in turn influence the immune(More)
Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I antigens (Ag), particularly human lymphocyte antigen (HLA)-A2, have been shown to function as restriction elements in human cytotoxic T lymphocyte recognition of tumor. This study was undertaken to determine the function of non-A2 MHC class I Ag in tumor recognition by tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs)(More)