Miau-Rong Lee

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In the present study, a novel synthetic compound 4-(2-(cyclohex-2-enylidene)hydrazinyl)quinolin-2(1H)-one (CYL-4d) was found to inhibit lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced nitric oxide (NO) production without affecting cell viability or enzyme activity of expressed inducible NO synthase (iNOS) in RAW 264.7 macrophages. CYL-4d exhibited parallel inhibition of(More)
The aim of this study was to establish an effective mouse model of oral cancer and to use this model to identify potential markers of oral tumor progression. C57BL/6JNarl mice were treated with arecoline, 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide (4-NQO), or both arecoline and 4-NQO in high and low doses for 8 weeks to induce oral tumor. The induced oral lesions were(More)
Baicalin is one of the major compounds in the traditional Chinese medicinal herb from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi. We investigated the molecular mechanisms of cell autophagy induced by baicalin in human bladder cancer T24 cells. Baicalin inhibited cell survival as shown by MTT assay and increased cell death by trypan blue exclusion assay in a(More)
Dang-Gui-Bu-Xai-Tang (DGBXT), which includes Radix Angelicae Sinensis and Radix Astragali Membranaceus, is a traditional Chinese medicine used to modulate the lymphocyte activity of cancer patients after chemotherapy and radiotherapy. In the present study, we examined the cytotoxicity of DGBXT on transformed cells and the immunomodulating effects of DGBXT(More)
In fMLP (formyl-Met-Leu-Phe)-stimulated rat neutrophils, a mixture of regioisomers benzo[a]furo[2,3-c]phenazine-10-carboxylic acid and benzo[a]furo[2,3-c]phenazine-11-carboxylic acid (TCH-1116) inhibited O(2)(-) (superoxide anion) generation, which was not mediated by scavenging the generated O(2)(-) or by a cytotoxic effect on neutrophils. TCH-1116 had no(More)
Oral cancer is a serious and fatal disease. Cisplatin is the first line of chemotherapeutic agent for oral cancer therapy. However, the development of drug resistance and severe side effects cause tremendous problems clinically. In this study, we investigated the pharmacologic mechanisms of YC-1 on cisplatin-resistant human oral cancer cell line, CAR. Our(More)
Crotafuran B, a natural pterocarpanoid isolated from Crotalaria pallida, inhibited the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated nitric oxide (NO) production (IC50 16.4+/-0.7 microM) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) protein and mRNA expression (IC50 11.5+/-0.6 microM and 11.8+/-2.2 microM, respectively), but not via its cytotoxicity or the inhibition of(More)
Our previous study demonstrated that 2-[(3-methoxybenzyl)oxy]benzaldehyde (CCY-1a-E2) is a potent compound that acts against multiple human leukemia cell lines. CCY-1a-E2 was also shown to have efficacious anti‑leukemic activity in vivo. However, the molecular mechanism of action of CCY‑1a‑E2 attributed to its anticancer effect remains poorly understood. In(More)
Three recently developed selective phospholipase D (PLD) inhibitors N-(2-(4-(2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-1-yl)piperidin-1-yl)ethyl)-2-naphthamide (VU0155056), (S)-N-(1-(4-(5-chloro-2-oxo-2,3-dihydro-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-1-yl)piperidin-1-yl)propan-2-yl)-2-naphthamide (VU0155069), and(More)
Numerous reports illustrate the diverse effects of chewing the areca nut, most of which are harmful and have been shown to be associated with oral cancer. Nearly all of the studies are focused on the extract and/or low molecular weight ingredients in the areca nut. The purpose of this report is to identify the major protein component in the areca nut. After(More)