Miatta Buxton

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BACKGROUND A number of observational studies and a few small or open randomized clinical trials suggest that the American cranberry may decrease incidence of recurring urinary tract infection (UTI). METHODS We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of the effects of cranberry on risk of recurring UTI among 319 college women presenting with an(More)
In 122 patients with fungal diseases studied over a six month period, sixty were seen with dermatophyte infections. Tinea pedis, cruris and ungruium occurred mainly in adult males attending the private hospital and tinea corporis and capitis children attending the University Hospital. The organisms found were Trichophyton rubrum, T. mentagrophytes, T.(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare initial and one year costs of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) versus percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the stent or surgery trial. DESIGN Prospective, unblinded, randomised trial. SETTING Multicentre study. PATIENTS 988 patients with multivessel disease. INTERVENTIONS CABG and stent assisted PCI. MAIN OUTCOME(More)
The increasing resistance of uropathogens to antibiotics and recognition of the generally self-limiting nature of uncomplicated urinary tract infection (UTI) suggest that it is time to reconsider empirical treatment of UTI using antibiotics. Identifying new and effective strategies to prevent recurrences and alternative treatment strategies are a high(More)
The treatment of phobias by rapid in vivo exposure to the feared situation was accompanied by an increase in plasma growth hormone levels on at least one of two occasions in 8 of 11 subjects. The average growth hormone response was greater on the second occasion, even though subjective anxiety was less. Plasma growth hormone was not elevated during the(More)
W HEN THE CLINICIAN encounters a demented adult patient with choreiform movements he is likely to think of the diagnosis of Huntington’s chorea. However, when the family is inconclusive and the patient has been medicated with neuroleptic agents, the diagnosis of tardive dyskinesia, the late and frequently permanent complication of neuroleptics, must also be(More)
Seven patients with maximally severe phobias for physical objects were treated by "flooding in vivo", i.e. live confrontation with the feared object. Each reported to the laboratory for 3 hr on five separate occasions, all in the early evening during the circadian phase of minimal adrenal cortical activity. At 20-min intervals during each session, blood was(More)
Near-maximal anxiety by subjective and behavioral criteria was evoked and terminated in phobic patients by initiation and termination of rapid live confrontation ("flooding in vivo") with the specific stimulus that each avoided, at a time approximating the crest of the circadian cycle of adrenal cortical function. The procedure was associated with moderate,(More)
F LOODING IN VW0 is a method of treating phobias by rapid exposure in real life to the feared object or situation, maintaining maximum tolerable anxiety until it begins to diminish, then continuing closer and closer exposure until the patient or client is comfortable in the situation which was previously feared.‘vZ Informally, flooding in vivo is one of the(More)