Miaozhi Zhang

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In the microhabitat that surrounds fungal hyphae in soil, coined the mycosphere, carbonaceous compounds that are released from the hyphae stimulate the growth of heterotrophic bacteria, and thus activate organism-to-organism contacts through genetic interactions. Therefore, the mycosphere is postulated to constitute a gene transfer arena, in which a(More)
In this chapter, we review the existing literature on bacterial-fungal interactions in soil, exploring the role fungi may play for soil bacteria as providers of hospitable niches. A focus is placed on the mycosphere, i.e., the narrow zone of influence of fungal hyphae on the external soil milieu, in which hypha-associated bacterial cells dwell. Evidence is(More)
Plasmids of the IncP-1β group have been found to be important carriers of accessory genes that enhance the ecological fitness of bacteria, whereas plasmids of the PromA group are key agents of horizontal gene transfer in particular soil settings. However, there is still a paucity of knowledge with respect to the diversity, abundance, and involvement in(More)
The type three secretion system (T3SS) is known to play a critical role in several bacterial-eukaryotic cell interactions. Recent indirect evidence has also pointed to a role of this system in bacterial-fungal interactions in soil. In the current study, we examine if the T3SS of the fungal-interactive Burkholderia terrae strain BS001 can aid in the(More)
The Laccaria proxima mycosphere strongly selects Variovorax paradoxus cells. Fifteen independent V. paradoxus strains, isolated from mycospheres sampled at two occasions, were investigated with respect to the occurrence of plasmids of sizes <60–100 kb. Two V. paradoxus strains, HB44 and BS64, were found to contain such plasmids, which were coined pHB44 and(More)
Burkholderia terrae strain BS001 is a well-described inhabitant of the mycosphere of diverse fungi. In the interaction between this bacterium and its fungal host in soil, competition for iron might be a key process. Here, we address the capacity of the broad-host-range IncP-1β plasmid pHB44, originally isolated in Variovorax paradoxus HB44, to enhance or(More)
Two novel plasmids, coined pHB44 and pBS64, were recently found in Variovorax paradoxus strains HB44 and BS64 isolated from the mycosphere of Laccaria proxima, on two different sampling occasions. We here describe the full sequences of pHB44 and pBS64 and establish their evolutionary placement and ecological function. Both plasmids, unique for mycospheric(More)
Burkholderia terrae BS001 has previously been found to be able to disperse along with growing fungal hyphae in soil, with the type-3 secretion system having a supportive role in this movement. In this study, we focus on the role of two motility- and adherence-associated appendages, i.e. type-4 pili (T4P) and flagella. Electron microcopy and motility testing(More)
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