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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have emerged as key post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression, involved in diverse physiological and pathological processes. An oncogenic or tumor-suppressive miRNA may have potential as a therapeutic target to control cancers. Gefitinib is a tyrosine kinase inhibitor that targets epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR). H460 and(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion is regulated by extracellular calcium acting through a cell surface calcium receptor (CaR). We have examined the potential regulation of the CaR in the parathyroid glands (PTG) and kidney by calcium and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25-(OH)2D3]. Rats fed vitamin D-deficient (-D) diets containing 0.02, 0.4, or 2.0% Ca had a(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) possesses potent anti-inflammatory properties; however, an over-production of NO will promote inflammation and induce cell and tissue dysfunction. Thus, the ability to precisely regulate NO production could prove beneficial in controlling damage. In this study, advantage was taken of the well characterized inflammatory response caused by(More)
In superior cervical ganglion neurons, N-(piperidiny-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide (SR141716A) competitively antagonizes the Ca(2+) current effect of the cannabinoid (CB) agonist (R)-(+)-[2,3-dihydro-5-methyl-3-(4-morpholinylmethyl)pyrrolo[1,2,3-de]-1,4-benzoxazin-6-yl]-1-naphthalenylmethanone(More)
The hypercalcemia of various granulomatoses is caused by endogenous 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25-(OH)2D3] overproduction by disease-activated macrophages. The inability of 1,25(OH)2D3 to suppress its synthesis in macrophages contrasts with the tight control of its production in macrophage precursors, peripheral blood monocytes (PBM). We examined whether(More)
Both male and female rat growth plate cartilage cells possess estrogen receptors (ERs), but 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) activates protein kinase C (PKC) and PKC-dependent biological responses to E(2) only in cells from female animals. PKC signaling can elicit genomic responses via mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) and E(2) has been shown to activate ERK(More)
TP508 is a 23-amino acid peptide derived from human prothrombin that increases cartilage matrix production and reduces alkaline phosphatase activity without changing chondrocyte proliferation. This study tested the hypothesis that TP508 acts by blocking the onset of apoptosis associated with hypertrophy. Rat costochondral resting zone chondrocytes and human(More)
Expression of genes that encode oxytocin (OXT) and vasopressin (AVP) and their cognate receptors in normal and diseased prostates are only partially characterized. Reverse transcription and PCR were used to examine the expression of these genes in normal prostate epithelial and stromal cell lines, k-ras-transformed prostate epithelial cell lines, and in(More)
The mechanisms by which oxytocin (OT) stimulates extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) are only partially understood. OT receptor (OTR) signals predominantly through Galpha(q), but ERK1/2 phosphorylation (ERK1/2-P) in PHM1 myometrial cells was not eliminated by inhibition of downstream effectors such as phospholipase C or protein kinase C.(More)
AIM To investigate the effect of diallyl disulfide (DADS), a component of garlic, on apoptosis in human mammary cancer cell line (MCF-7) and its mechanisms. METHODS Cytotoxicity was analyzed by 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5- diphenyltetrazolium bromide assays. Morphology of apoptotic cells was detected by acridine orange and ethidium bromide staining.(More)