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When replication forks stall at damaged bases or upon nucleotide depletion, the intra-S phase checkpoint ensures they are stabilized and can restart. In intra-S checkpoint-deficient budding yeast, stalling forks collapse, and ∼10% form pathogenic chicken foot structures, contributing to incomplete replication and cell death (Lopes et al., 2001; Sogo et al.,(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the transdermal permeation enhancement of N-trimethyl chitosan (TMC) with different degrees of quaternization (DQ). TMCs with DQ of 40 and 60% (TMC40 and TMC60) were synthesized and characterized by (1)H NMR. Testosterone (TS) used as an effective drug, four different gels were prepared without enhancer, with 5% TMC40,(More)
Soil salinity and drought are the two most common and frequently co-occurring abiotic stresses constraining crop growth and productivity. Greenhouse pot experiments were conducted to investigate the tolerance potential and mechanisms of Tibetan wild barley genotypes (XZ5, drought-tolerant; XZ16, salinity/aluminum tolerant) during anthesis compared with(More)
Clivorine, a pyrrolizidine alkaloid extracted from Chinese medicinal plant Ligularia hodgsonii Hook significantly inhibited human normal liver L-02 cells proliferation and decreased L-02 cells viability. The results of western blot showed that clivorine strongly evoked phosphorylation of p38 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) Kinase in L-02 cells, but had no(More)
Cortex Moutan is a well-known traditional Chinese medicine derived from Paeonia suffruticosa ANDREWS. However, root cortices of P. delavayi and P. decomposita also are used under the name of this drug in some regions such as Yunnan and Sichuan Provinces, respectively. In order to make a comparison of their chemical constituents, the compounds of the three(More)
A hydroponic experiment was conducted to study the ameliorative effects of separate or combined application of exogenous glutathione (GSH), selenium (Se) and zinc (Zn) upon 20 μM cadmium (Cd) plus 20 μM chromium (Cr) heavy metal stress (HM) in rice seedlings. The results showed that HM caused a marked reduction in seedling height, chlorophyll content (SPAD)(More)
Although quantum computers promise significant advantages, the complexity of quantum algorithms remains a major technological obstacle. We have developed and demonstrated an architecture-independent technique that simplifies adding control qubits to arbitrary quantum operations-a requirement in many quantum algorithms, simulations and metrology. The(More)
A pair of racemic indolizidine enantiomers, (±)-homocrepidine A (1), and a piperidine derivative, homocrepidine B (2), were isolated from Dendrobium crepidatum along with the known alkaloid crepidine (3). The racemic mixture of 1 was separated into a pair of enantiomers, (+)-1 and (-)-1, by HPLC using a chiral chromatographic substrate, which represents the(More)
Clivorine, a pyrrolizidine alkaloid, is a potent toxic compound extracted from a Chinese medicinal plant Ligularia hodgsonii Hook. We have previously shown that clivorine inhibited human normal liver L-02 cells proliferation and induced p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphorylation. The aim of this study is to further observe the mechanism of(More)
An ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) method has been developed and validated for the quality evaluation of a Chinese herb Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae (Danshen root) by chemical fingerprinting analysis. Meanwhile a novel sample preparation procedure has been designed which can simultaneously extract both the hydrophilic and lipophilic components(More)