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Recent studies have resulted in major changes in the management of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children. The present statement focuses on the diagnosis and management of infants and children >2 months of age with an acute UTI and no known underlying urinary tract pathology or risk factors for a neurogenic bladder. UTI should be ruled out in preverbal(More)
We describe a 5-month-old preterm female infant who presented with necrotizing fasciitis involving the face and neck caused by group B streptococcus (GBS). Because of the extent and anatomic location of the necrosis, surgical debridement was delayed for 16 days, but the infant survived. Review of the literature demonstrated that 3 of the 10 previously(More)
OBJECTIVES The objectives of this report are to determine the following: (1) the effectiveness of the toilet training methods, (2) which factors modify the effectiveness of toilet training, (3) if the toilet training methods are risk factor for adverse outcomes, and (4) the optimal toilet training method for achieving bowel and bladder control among(More)
OBJECTIVES Dog bites are a common problem. The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of dog bites and their emergency department management in a Canadian pediatric population, and to provide treatment and prevention recommendations. METHODS The charts of all children <or=16 years of age presenting with a dog bite to either of the 2(More)
We describe an uncommon pediatric finding of unilateral renal artery stenosis, which presented as nephrotic syndrome, hypertension, failure to thrive, and hyponatremia. The child was a previously well 8-month-old male who looked well but had mild periorbital edema with severe hypertension. After 3 days of captopril therapy, the nephrotic-range proteinuria(More)
Prophylactic antibiotics for urinary tract infections are no longer routinely recommended. A large number of children must be given prophylaxis to prevent one infection and antibiotic resistance is a major concern when treating community-acquired urinary tract infections. The results of three recent significant studies are examined, with focus on the(More)
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