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Recent groundbreaking work has demonstrated that combined expression of the transcription factors Brn2, Ascl1, and Myt1L (BAM; also known as Wernig factors) convert mouse fibroblasts into postmitotic neuronal cells. However, questions remain regarding whether trans-conversion is achieved directly or involves an intermediary precursor stage. Trans-conversion(More)
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is currently an increasingly relevant health issue. However, available biomarkers do not reliably detect or quantify DILI risk. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to comparatively evaluate plasma and urinary biomarkers obtained from humans treated with acetaminophen (APAP) using a metabolomics approach and a proton(More)
Drug-induced torsades de pointes (TdP), a life-threatening arrhythmia associated with prolongation of the QT interval, has been a significant reason for withdrawal of several medicines from the market. Prolongation of the QT interval is considered as the best biomarker for predicting the torsadogenic risk of a new chemical entity. Because of the difficulty(More)
BACKGROUND Heat shock proteins (HSPs) restore immature proteins or denatured proteins, thus protecting cells. Also, the expression of some HSPs is elevated substantially in malignant tumors, but the expression of HSPs in association with melanoma has yet to be studied. Therefore, we examined the expression patterns of HSP 70 and 105 in melanoma, benign(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics (PK) and safety of fimasartan (BR-A-657), an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, between healthy young (19 - 45 years) and older (≥ 65 years) male subjects. METHODS To assess the effect of age on PK and safety, fimasartan was administered as a single 240 mg tablet to 12 young and 10(More)
Population pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) modeling of clopidogrel was developed from pooled data from healthy volunteers (n = 44) and stroke patients (n = 35). The PK modeling used plasma concentrations of the clopidogrel metabolite (SR26334), and the PD modeling used platelet aggregation. The models were developed using NONMEM and evaluated(More)
In metabolomic research, it is important to reduce systematic error in experimental conditions. To ensure that metabolomic data from different studies are comparable, it is necessary to remove unwanted systematic factors by data normalization. Several normalization methods are used for metabolomic data, but the best method has not yet been identified. In(More)
A rapid, specific, and sensitive method utilizing reversed-phase ultra-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS) was developed and validated to determine finasteride levels in human plasma. The plasma samples were prepared by liquid-liquid extraction with ethyl acetate, evaporation, and reconstitution. MS/MS analyses were(More)
Neural stem/progenitor cell (NSC/NPC) cultures can be a source of dopamine (DA) neurons for experimental and transplantation purposes. Nurr1, a steroid receptor transcription factor, can overcome the limitations associated with differentiation of cultured NPCs into DA neurons. However, forced Nurr1 expression in NPC cultures generates non-neuronal and/or(More)
OBJECTIVE Levofloxacin and cyclosporine show different pharmacokinetic properties, but are known to be dose proportional within the therapeutic range. The authors evaluated the pharmacokinetic proportionality of levofloxacin and cyclosporine over a 100-fold dose range in healthy human volunteers, by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS).(More)