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OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics (PK) and safety of fimasartan (BR-A-657), an angiotensin II receptor antagonist, between healthy young (19 - 45 years) and older (≥ 65 years) male subjects. METHODS To assess the effect of age on PK and safety, fimasartan was administered as a single 240 mg tablet to 12 young and 10(More)
Drug-induced torsades de pointes (TdP), a life-threatening arrhythmia associated with prolongation of the QT interval, has been a significant reason for withdrawal of several medicines from the market. Prolongation of the QT interval is considered as the best biomarker for predicting the torsadogenic risk of a new chemical entity. Because of the difficulty(More)
Recent groundbreaking work has demonstrated that combined expression of the transcription factors Brn2, Ascl1, and Myt1L (BAM; also known as Wernig factors) convert mouse fibroblasts into postmitotic neuronal cells. However, questions remain regarding whether trans-conversion is achieved directly or involves an intermediary precursor stage. Trans-conversion(More)
BACKGROUND Heat shock proteins (HSPs) restore immature proteins or denatured proteins, thus protecting cells. Also, the expression of some HSPs is elevated substantially in malignant tumors, but the expression of HSPs in association with melanoma has yet to be studied. Therefore, we examined the expression patterns of HSP 70 and 105 in melanoma, benign(More)
Neural stem/progenitor cell (NSC/NPC) cultures can be a source of dopamine (DA) neurons for experimental and transplantation purposes. Nurr1, a steroid receptor transcription factor, can overcome the limitations associated with differentiation of cultured NPCs into DA neurons. However, forced Nurr1 expression in NPC cultures generates non-neuronal and/or(More)
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) is currently an increasingly relevant health issue. However, available biomarkers do not reliably detect or quantify DILI risk. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to comparatively evaluate plasma and urinary biomarkers obtained from humans treated with acetaminophen (APAP) using a metabolomics approach and a proton(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia. It is characterized by beta-amyloid (Aβ) peptide fibrils, which are extracellular depositions of a specific protein, and is accompanied by extensive neuroinflammation. Various studies have demonstrated risk factors that can affect AD pathogenesis, and they include accumulation of Aβ,(More)
G protein-coupled receptor 120 (GPR120) plays an important role in the regulation of inflammation and lipid metabolism. In this study, we investigated the role of GPR120 in osteoclast development and found that GPR120 regulates osteoclast differentiation, survival and function. We observed that GPR120 was highly expressed in osteoclasts compared to their(More)
OBJECTIVES Adoption of hospital information systems offers distinctive advantages in healthcare delivery. First, implementation of consolidated hospital information system in Seoul National University Hospital led to significant improvements in quality of healthcare and efficiency of hospital management. METHODS THE HOSPITAL INFORMATION SYSTEM IN SEOUL(More)
In metabolomic research, it is important to reduce systematic error in experimental conditions. To ensure that metabolomic data from different studies are comparable, it is necessary to remove unwanted systematic factors by data normalization. Several normalization methods are used for metabolomic data, but the best method has not yet been identified. In(More)