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BACKGROUND & AIMS Fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), a hormone predominantly secreted by the liver, has been shown to be positively associated with the severity of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in cross-sectional studies. We investigated the prospective association of FGF21 with NAFLD development in a 3-year prospective study involving a(More)
Polymorphism in microRNA Target Site (PolymiRTS) database is a collection of naturally occurring DNA variations in putative microRNA target sites. PolymiRTSs may affect gene expression and cause variations in complex phenotypes. The database integrates sequence polymorphism, phenotype and expression microarray data, and characterizes PolymiRTSs as potential(More)
Bayesian network modeling is a promising approach to define and evaluate gene expression circuits in diverse tissues and cell types under different experimental conditions. The power and practicality of this approach can be improved by restricting the number of potential interactions among genes and by defining causal relations before evaluating posterior(More)
Previously reported azoreductase (AZR) from Rhodobacter sphaeroides AS1.1737 was shown to be a flavodoxin possessing nitroreductase and flavin mononucleotide (FMN) reductase activities. The structure model of AZR constructed with SWISS-MODEL displayed a flavodoxin-like fold with a three-layer α/β/α structure. With nitrofurazone as substrate, the optimal pH(More)
Ruminant livestock are important sources of human food and global greenhouse gas emissions. Feed degradation and methane formation by ruminants rely on metabolic interactions between rumen microbes and affect ruminant productivity. Rumen and camelid foregut microbial community composition was determined in 742 samples from 32 animal species and 35(More)
Meningioma, the most frequent tumor in the central nervous system, has few recognized risk factors. We explored the role of allergies in a population-based case-control consortium study of meningioma in five geographic areas. We also studied serum levels of a marker of atopic allergy (IgE) in a subset of study participants, a first for a study on(More)
BACKGROUND Expression and activity of the fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 21 hormone-like protein are associated with development of several metabolic disorders. This study was designed to investigate whether serum FGF21 level was also associated with the metabolic syndrome-related cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, and its clinical features in a(More)
BACKGROUND Constrictive pericarditis is a rare and disabling disease that can result in chronic fibrous thickening of the pericardium. Prompt treatment of constrictive pericarditis is necessary to limit morbidity and mortality. METHODS We analyzed the clinical details of 51 constrictive pericarditis patients who underwent surgery from January 2005 to(More)
Nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphisms (nsSNPs) are prevalent in genomes and are closely associated with inherited diseases. To facilitate identifying disease-associated nsSNPs from a large number of neutral nsSNPs, it is important to develop computational tools to predict the nsSNP's phenotypic effect (disease-associated versus neutral).(More)
OBJECTIVES Osteocalcin, a bone-derived protein, has recently been reported to affect energy metabolism. We investigated the relationship between serum osteocalcin and parameters of adiposity, glucose tolerance, and lipid profile in Chinese subjects. METHODS Serum osteocalcin was measured by electrochemiluminescence immunoassay in 254 men (128 with newly(More)