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Leukocytosis is associated with increased cardiovascular disease risk in humans and develops in hypercholesterolemic atherosclerotic animal models. Leukocytosis is associated with the proliferation of hematopoietic stem and multipotential progenitor cells (HSPCs) in mice with deficiencies of the cholesterol efflux-promoting ABC transporters ABCA1 and ABCG1(More)
Apoptosis repressor with caspase recruitment domain is expressed at high levels in brain and myogenic tissues, consistent with a role to inhibit apoptosis in the terminally differentiated cells. Expression of ARC in cancers is not known. In this study, we reported that ARC was highly expressed in various non-myogenic and non-neurogenic human and rat cancer(More)
BACKGROUND The Ca(2+)-activated chloride channel (CaCC) plays an important role in a variety of physiological functions. In vascular smooth muscle cells, CaCC is involved in the regulation of agonist-stimulated contraction and myogenic tone. The physiological functions of CaCC in blood vessels are not fully revealed because of the lack of specific channel(More)
Dopamine-releasing neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta produce an extraordinarily dense and expansive plexus of innervation in the striatum converging with glutamatergic corticostriatal and thalamostriatal axon terminals at dendritic spines of medium spiny neurons. Here, we investigated whether glutamatergic signaling promotes arborization and(More)
The mosaicking of orthoimages has been used to cover a large geographic region for various applications ranging from environmental monitoring to disaster management. However, existing mosaicking methods mainly focus on the generation of seamlines between two adjacent orthoimages. In this paper, we present a novel approach based on the use of a seamline(More)
RATIONALE Reduced plasma cholesterol and increased high-density lipoprotein (HDL) levels promote regression of atherosclerosis, in a process characterized by lipid unloading and emigration of macrophages from lesions. In contrast free cholesterol loading of macrophages leads to imbalanced Rac1/Rho activities and impaired chemotaxis. OBJECTIVE To study the(More)
In this study, we investigated the role of reduced glutathione (GSH) and nuclear factor-kappaB (NFkappaB) in hypoxia-induced apoptosis. Hypoxia caused p53-dependent apoptosis in murine embryonic fibroblasts transfected with Ras and E1A. N-Acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) but not other antioxidants, such as the vitamin E analog trolox and epigallocatechin-3-gallate,(More)
We first report a rare case of metastasis from gastric hepatoid adenocarcinoma (HAC) to cerebral parenchyma, in a 50-year-old Chinese patient. He complained of a one-month history of a paroxysm of headache in the left temple and pars parietalis accompanied with binocular caligation caligo, insensible feeling of limbs and transient anepia. Magnetic resonance(More)
Taking into consideration the previous evidence of revealing the relationship of early life adversity, major depressive disorder (MDD), and stress-linked immunological changes, we recruited 22 MDD patients with childhood trauma exposures (CTE), 21 MDD patients without CTE, and 22 healthy controls without CTE, and then utilized a novel cytokine antibody(More)
RATIONALE The mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 inhibitor, rapamycin, has been shown to decrease atherosclerosis, even while increasing plasma low-density lipoprotein levels. This suggests an antiatherogenic effect possibly mediated by the modulation of inflammatory responses in atherosclerotic plaques. OBJECTIVE Our aim was to assess the role of(More)