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Red peppers and red pepper paste are reported to have anti-obesity, analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects in animals and humans due to the capsaicin in red pepper. We investigated whether consuming capsaicin and capsiate, a nonpungent capsaicin analogue, modifies glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, pancreatic β-cell survival and insulin sensitivity in(More)
BACKGROUND Previous research demonstrated that the crude saponins of Platycodi radix improve glucose metabolism by enhancing insulin sensitivity in type 2 diabetic animals; however, which individual saponins are the most potent insulin sensitizers is unknown. OBJECTIVES This study investigated which saponin(s) have anti-diabetic action in vitro and in(More)
A genuine triterpenoid saponin, platyconic acid A (1) was isolated from the roots extract of Platycodon grandiflorum, together with five known saponins: deapioplatycoside E (2), platycoside E (3), platycodin D(3) (4), platycodin D(2) (5) and platycodin D (6). The structure of 1 was determined on the basis of spectral analysis and chemical evidence.
In the course of searching for new classes of α-glucosidase inhibitors originated from natural resources, 11 kinds of isoflavones, i.e., medicarpin (1), formononetin (2), mucronulatol (3), (3R)-calussequinone (5), (3R)-5'-methoxyvestitol (6), tectorigenin (7), biochanin A (8), tuberosin (9), calycosin (10), daidzein (11), and genistein (12), as well as a(More)
Farnesylation of the activated RAS oncogene product by protein farnesyltransferase (FTase) is a critical step for its oncogenic function. Bioassay-guided purification of Ferula asafoetida (Umbelliferae) extract led to the isolation of the coumarin-derived sesquiterpene galbanic acid (1) as an active principal for FTase inhibitory activity, together with the(More)
Ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation causes skin damage and inflammation by inducing the secretion of various cytokines, which are immune regulators produced by cells. To prevent skin inflammation, keratinocytes that have been irreversibly damaged by UVB must be eliminated through apoptosis. Ixeris dentata (I. dentata) (family Asteraceae) is a perennial(More)
Three new triterpenoid saponins, platyconic acid B lactone (1), deapio-platyconic acid B lactone (2), and deapio-platycodin D(2) (3), together with 17 known triterpenoid saponins, were isolated from a root extract of Platycodon grandiflorum. The structures of 1-3 were determined on the basis of spectroscopic data interpretation and chemical transformation.(More)
A new resveratrol oligomer (1) together with eight related components (2- 9) were isolated from the seed extract of Paeonia lactiflora (Paeoniaceae) as active principles responsible for the inhibition of beta-site APP-cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE-1) in vitro. The chemical structure of 1 was established as (-)-7a,8a- CIS- ε-viniferin with the aid of spectroscopic(More)
A new resveratrol dimer, (+)-vitisinol E (1) which demonstrated inhibitory activity on BACE-1 (beta-site APP-cleaving enzyme 1) in vitro, was isolated from the stembark extract of Vitis vinifera (Vitaceae) together with four known resveratrol oligomers, (+)-epsilon-viniferin (2), (+)-ampelopsin A (3), (+)-vitisin A (4) and (-)-vitisin B (5). The chemical(More)
Three new guaiane-type sesquiterpene lactones (1-3), together with nine related sesquiterpenes (4-12), were isolated from the whole extract of Ixeris dentata (Asteraceae). The chemical structures of isolates 1-12 were established by spectroscopic analyses as 3 β,8 β-dihydroxy-guaia-10(14)-en-1 α,4 α,5 α,6 β,7 α,11 βH-12,6 α-olide (1), ixerin N 6'- O-acetate(More)
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