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Changes of neuronal excitability and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABAA)-receptor expression were studied in the surround of photothrombotic infarcts, which were produced in the sensorimotor cortex of the rat by using the rose bengal technique. In a first series of experiments, multiunit recordings were performed on anesthetized animals 2-3 mm lateral from the(More)
Focal brain lesions may lead to neuronal dysfunctions in remote (exofocal) brain regions. In the present study, focal lesions were induced in the hindlimb representation area of the parietal cerebral cortex in rats using the technique of photothrombosis. Photothrombosis occurs after illumination of the brain through the intact skull following intravenous(More)
The human and macaque sensorimotor cortex was subdivided into numerous areas by a correlative analysis based on cytoarchitectonics, myeloarchitecture and the distribution of transmitter receptors. Receptor densities and laminar distribution patterns differ not only between motor and somatosensory regions, but also between different areas within these(More)
Long-term hyperexcitability was found after unilateral, permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in exofocal neocortical areas of the adult mouse [Mittmann et al. (1998) Neuroscience 85, 15-27]. The aim of the present study was to test the hypothesis in an identical paradigm of ischemia. whether alterations in the densities of both excitatory and(More)
Epileptiform activity was previously described [Luhmann et al. (1998) Eur. J. Neurosci., 10, 3085-3094] in the neocortex of the adult rat following freeze lesioning of the newborn neocortex. After a survival time of 3 months, a small area of dysplastic cortex surrounded by histologically normal (exofocal) neocortex was observed. The dysplastic cortex is(More)
Possible asymmetries of the following structures were studied: volumes of total human hemispheres, cortex and white matter volumes in post-mortem- (unknown handedness) and living brains (male right-handers); volumes of the rat primary visual cortex, its mon- and binocular subfields, its layer iv and the density of myelinated fibres in layer iv; transmitter(More)
In human neocortical slices obtained during epilepsy surgery, sharp waves have been described to appear spontaneously, the shape of which met all criteria of epileptiform field potentials. In the present investigation, the current sinks and sources underlying these potentials were analysed. The cortical tissue used in the present study was a small portion(More)
Following focal brain lesions, complex adaptive processes take place in remote intact areas. The present study examines changes in NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate), AMPA ((+/-)-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid) and kainate receptors following focal photothrombotic ischemic lesions using quantitative receptor autoradiography. Increases in(More)
Since a disturbed balance between excitatory and inhibitory amino acid receptors is suggested to be an important condition for epileptogenic cortical activity, the present study has focused on the analysis of the densities of (+/-)-alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid (AMPA), N-methyl-D-aspartate, kainate and GABA subtype A receptors in(More)