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BACKGROUND α-Klotho is reported to have protective effects against kidney injury, and its renal expression is decreased in many experimental models of kidney disease. However, circulating α-klotho levels in human chronic kidney disease (CKD) and the relationship to progression are unknown. STUDY DESIGN Post hoc analysis of a prospective cohort study. (More)
OBJECTIVES The soluble receptor for advanced glycation end products (sRAGE) exerts a protective effect on the development of atherosclerotic vascular complications by inhibiting RAGE-mediated inflammatory response. In contrast, extracellular newly identified RAGE-binding protein (EN-RAGE) contributes to increased atherosclerosis as a pro-inflammatory ligand(More)
Henöch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) is considered a systemic form of immunoglobulin A nephropathy (IgAN). Although these are different pictures of a single disease, there are no studies directly comparing long-term outcomes of these two clinical entities. To clarify this, we studied 120 patients with biopsy-proven HSPN and 1070 patients with IgAN. The(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Mesangial C3 deposition is frequently observed in patients with IgA nephropathy (IgAN). However, the role of complement in the pathogenesis or progression of IgAN is uncertain. In this observational cohort study, we aimed to identify the clinical implications of circulating C3 levels and mesangial C3 deposition and to investigate their(More)
Recently, there has been emerging concern that crescents, the main histologic feature of Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis, merely reflect active inflammation, and may not be useful in predicting long-term outcomes. We therefore conducted a single-center retrospective study to evaluate whether the new Oxford classification of immunoglobulin A nephropathy(More)
Expressed sequence tag (EST) pools represent partial profiles of the gene expressions of organisms. In an effort to construct a Clonorchis sinensis EST pool, 2,387 ESTs were collected from an adult C. sinensis cDNA library and assembled into 1,573 clusters. Of these clusters, 1,225 ESTs (51%) were singletons and 348 clusters consisted of more than two ESTs.(More)
The 116C/G polymorphism in the promoter region of XBP1 is known to be associated with bipolar disorders. The G allele of the XBP1-116C/G polymorphism has reduced XBP1-dependent transcription activity compared with the C allele. Valproate treatment has been known to rescue the impaired response of cells with the G allele. We investigated the hypothesis that(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the prevalence of spinal dysraphism (SD) in patients with anorectal malformation (ARM) by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS From January 2002 to March 2009, 120 patients with ARM who underwent anorectal reconstruction were evaluated for SD with sacral plain film, spinal ultrasonography (US), and lumbosacral MRI. We adopted(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of glycemic control after starting peritoneal dialysis (PD) on the survival of diabetic PD patients has largely been unexplored, especially in Asian population. METHODS We conducted a prospective observational study, in which 140 incident PD patients with diabetes were recruited. Patients were divided into tertiles according to the(More)
BACKGROUND The insulin-like growth factor (IGF) system is known to be associated with inflammation in various populations. However, the association between the IGF system and inflammation has not previously been investigated in automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) patients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate whether the IGF system correlates(More)