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Overexpression of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) is frequently associated with metastasis and poor prognosis, and TGF-beta antagonism has been shown to prevent metastasis in preclinical models with surprisingly little toxicity. Here, we have used the transplantable 4T1 model of metastatic breast cancer to address underlying mechanisms. We showed(More)
BACKGROUND TNF-alpha is a pivotal proinflammatory cytokine increased in asthmatic airways. The TNF-alpha gene family might be linked to asthma or bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), and TNF-alpha production might be modulated by CD14(+) cells. OBJECTIVE We investigated the association between asthma susceptibility or asthma-related phenotypes and(More)
Activation of the prostaglandin D2 receptor (PTGDR) may contribute to pulmonary vasodilation, bronchoconstriction, recruitment of eosinophils, basophils and T-lymphocytes, and enhanced synthesis of leukotriene C4. We investigated whether polymorphisms of the leukotriene C4 synthase (LTC4S) -444A/C and PTGDR -441T/C were associated with clinical phenotypes(More)
Interleukin (IL)-13, which is essential for IgE synthesis, mediates its effects by binding with a receptor composed of IL-4Ralpha and IL-13Ralpha1. We investigated the effects of IL-13 and IL-13Ralpha1 polymorphisms in Korean children with asthma, and whether these have been associated with IgE production. We enrolled 358 atopic asthmatic, 111 non-atopic(More)
A variety of tumors, including primary malignant tumors, secondary malignant tumors, and benign tumors, can occur in the tracheobronchial tree. Primary malignant tumors commonly originate from the surface epithelium or the salivary glands, whereas most benign tumors arise from the mesenchymal tissue. At computed tomography (CT), primary malignant tumors(More)
The dual-energy computed tomographic (CT) technique allows the differentiation of materials with large atomic numbers such as iodine and xenon. The basic principle of dual-energy CT is material decomposition based on attenuation differences at different energy levels. By using dual-energy CT angiography for the evaluation of perfusion defects in cases of(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively investigate clinical and computed tomographic (CT) features of transient part-solid nodules (PSNs) initially detected at screening thin-section CT for lung cancer and to determine predictive factors that may differentiate transient PSNs from persistent PSNs. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study was approved by the institutional(More)
Asthma is a complex phenotype influenced by genetic and environmental factors. We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) with 938 Japanese pediatric asthma patients and 2,376 controls. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) showing strong associations (P<1×10(-8)) in GWAS were further genotyped in an independent Japanese samples (818 cases and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate associations between total serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from eight candidate genes (IL-4 rs2243250, IL-4Rα rs1805010, IL-13 rs20541, IL-13Rα1 rs2495636, CD14 rs2569190, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) rs1800629, cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen (CTLA4) rs231775, FCER1B(More)
Overexpression of the immunosuppressive cytokine transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) is one strategy that tumors have developed to evade effective immunesurveillance. Using transplantable models of breast and colon cancer, we made the unexpected finding that CD8+ cells in tumor-bearing animals can directly promote tumorigenesis, by a mechanism that(More)