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Activation of the prostaglandin D2 receptor (PTGDR) may contribute to pulmonary vasodilation, bronchoconstriction, recruitment of eosinophils, basophils and T-lymphocytes, and enhanced synthesis of leukotriene C4. We investigated whether polymorphisms of the leukotriene C4 synthase (LTC4S) -444A/C and PTGDR -441T/C were associated with clinical phenotypes(More)
A variety of tumors, including primary malignant tumors, secondary malignant tumors, and benign tumors, can occur in the tracheobronchial tree. Primary malignant tumors commonly originate from the surface epithelium or the salivary glands, whereas most benign tumors arise from the mesenchymal tissue. At computed tomography (CT), primary malignant tumors(More)
Asthma is a complex phenotype influenced by genetic and environmental factors. We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) with 938 Japanese pediatric asthma patients and 2,376 controls. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) showing strong associations (P<1×10(-8)) in GWAS were further genotyped in an independent Japanese samples (818 cases and(More)
The dual-energy computed tomographic (CT) technique allows the differentiation of materials with large atomic numbers such as iodine and xenon. The basic principle of dual-energy CT is material decomposition based on attenuation differences at different energy levels. By using dual-energy CT angiography for the evaluation of perfusion defects in cases of(More)
Overexpression of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) is frequently associated with metastasis and poor prognosis, and TGF-beta antagonism has been shown to prevent metastasis in preclinical models with surprisingly little toxicity. Here, we have used the transplantable 4T1 model of metastatic breast cancer to address underlying mechanisms. We showed(More)
Overexpression of the immunosuppressive cytokine transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) is one strategy that tumors have developed to evade effective immunesurveillance. Using transplantable models of breast and colon cancer, we made the unexpected finding that CD8+ cells in tumor-bearing animals can directly promote tumorigenesis, by a mechanism that(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate associations between total serum immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from eight candidate genes (IL-4 rs2243250, IL-4Rα rs1805010, IL-13 rs20541, IL-13Rα1 rs2495636, CD14 rs2569190, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) rs1800629, cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen (CTLA4) rs231775, FCER1B(More)
BACKGROUND TNF-alpha is a pivotal proinflammatory cytokine increased in asthmatic airways. The TNF-alpha gene family might be linked to asthma or bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR), and TNF-alpha production might be modulated by CD14(+) cells. OBJECTIVE We investigated the association between asthma susceptibility or asthma-related phenotypes and(More)
Dysadherin, a cancer-associated membrane glycoprotein, down-regulates E-cadherin and promotes cancer metastasis. This study examined the role of dysadherin in breast cancer progression. Expression of dysadherin was found to be highest in breast cancer cell lines and tumors that lacked the estrogen receptor (ER). Knockdown of dysadherin caused increased(More)
Transforming growth factor betas (TGF-beta) play a dual role in carcinogenesis, functioning as tumor suppressors early in the process, and then switching to act as prometastatic factors in late-stage disease. We have previously shown that high molecular weight TGF-beta antagonists can suppress metastasis without the predicted toxicities. To address the(More)