Mi-Hwa Choi

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Ceramide, a major class of hair lipid, can help determine the physicochemical properties of human hairs such as the chemical diffusion barrier and water retention. In this study, we developed a quantitation method for ceramide and dihydroceramide, a saturated form of ceramide, in human hairs. Lipids were extracted with ethanol from human hairs spiked with(More)
Cyclic AMP-cAMP receptor protein (CRP) complex plays an essential role in the global regulation of Vibrio vulnificus virulence. We found that growth retardation of V. vulnificus caused by mutation of the crp gene encoding CRP was exacerbated under iron-limited conditions. Accordingly, we investigated the effect of crp mutation on the expression of the(More)
On the basis of the DNA–DNA hybridization patterns and phenotypic characteristics, Fusobacterium nucleatum was classified into five subspecies. Previous studies have suggested that F. nucleatum subsp. vincentii is genetically similar to F. nucleatum subsp. fusiforme. The aim of this study was to investigate the possibility of classifying these two(More)
We determined the ferrophilic characteristics of Vibrio vulnificus to evaluate the potential usefulness of iron chelation therapy for the prevention of V. vulnificus infection. Readily available non-transferrin-bound iron (NTBI) is required for the initiation of V. vulnificus growth under in vitro iron-limited conditions and human ex vivo conditions. NTBI(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is known to be capable of utilizing transferrin-bound iron, via both siderophore- and transferrin-binding protein (named IsdA)-mediated iron-acquisition systems. This study was designed in order to determine which iron-acquisition system plays the essential or dominant role with respect to the acquisition of iron from human(More)
In order to determine whether Pseudomonas aeruginosa alkaline protease AprA is involved in facilitating siderophore-mediated iron-acquisition from human transferrins, we measured bacterial growth, the production of siderophore and AprA, iron-acquisition from transferrins, and the proteolytic cleavage of transferrins in an alkaline minimal medium (pH 8.3)(More)
This study was designed to determine whether or not Vibrio vulnificus metalloprotease VvpE can promote iron uptake via the proteolytic cleavage of human hemoglobin. We found that V. vulnificus utilized hemoglobin as an iron source more efficiently via the vulnibactin-mediated iron-uptake system than via the HupA-mediated iron-uptake system and, of the(More)
To elucidate the mechanisms underlying the in vivo suppression and inactivation of Vibrio vulnificus hemolysin (VvhA), we used cirrhotic ascites fluid as a human ex vivo experimental system. VvhA expression was suppressed in proportion to the amount of cirrhotic ascites. The expression of vvhA in undiluted cirrhotic ascites could be suppressed further by(More)
The genus Peptoniphilus comprises butyrate-producing, nonsaccharolytic species that use peptone and amino acids as major energy sources. The novel Peptoniphilus sp. strain ChDC B134 (=KCOM 1628) was isolated from a human periapical abscess lesion. Here, we report the draft genome sequence of the strain.
Swarming has proven to be a good in vitro model for bacterial surface adherence and colonization, and the swarming differentiation of a bacterium has been shown to be coupled with changes in the expression of virulence factors associated with its invasiveness, particularly in the early stages of infection. In this study, we attempted to determine whether(More)